100 metres Training
As all athletes have different needs, a single program suitable for all athletes is not possible. A training program has to be developed to meet the athlete's individual needs and consider many factors: gender, age, strengths, weaknesses, objectives, training facilities etc. The program supplied here is just an example and will require updates to meet your specific aims and objectives.
Before starting any training, you must have a medical examination to ensure it is safe for you to do so.
Overview of a Training Program
The season's training plan is based on six phases, each comprising a repeated four-week program. The workload in the first three weeks of the four-week program increases each week (easy, medium, hard), and the fourth week comprises active recovery and tests to monitor training progress. The four-week cycles aim to:
Remember, a training program is athlete specific, and the results of the tests in the fourth week can be used to adjust the training in the next four-week cycle to address any limitations.
The content and quantity of training each week and phase will depend on many factors. The page on Planning provides an insight into the process of data gathering and preparing training programs.
Developing Energy Systems (100m)
The following table, Winkler & Gambetta (1987), indicates the types of training volumes that can be used to develop the 100-meter sprinter's energy systems and can be used to guide you in the preparation of training programs.
Example Training Plan & Programs
The objective of each phase, with links to examples of a season's training plan and four-week training programs for phases 1, 2 and 3, are as follows:
The content of the four-week programs in phases four and five depends very much on the athlete's progress and competitive races. Your aim in these phases is to address any limitations the athlete may have to bring them to peak performance for the major competition in phase five.
The following are links to the appropriate page for the activities identified in the training programs.
The times for male and female athletes in the final of the 1992 Olympics 100 metres indicate that the first 20 metres of the race took approx. 30% of their race time and that the remaining time was evenly spread over the remaining 80 metres.
As 80 metres equals 0.7, one metre equals 0.7 ÷ 80, which is 0.00875 of the race time/metre. As 20 metres equals 30% (0.3), the remaining 80 metres equals 70% (0.7) of the race time. Based on this information, the time for a distance between 20 and 100 metres can be determined using the following algorithm:
In the example, a 100-metre training program, the athlete's effort to apply to each session is indicated in terms of a percentage of the athlete's target personal best (tpb). e.g. 6 x 60 metres at 80% of 100 metres tpb. If the athlete's 100-metre tpb is 10.7 seconds, what time should they run the 60 metres sessions?
Each of the 60-metre runs should be completed in 8.7 seconds.
The following evaluation tests can be used to monitor the sprint athlete's development:
Sprint Time Predictors
Test results make it possible to predict potential times for a sprint event. The available sprint time predictors are:
Rules of Competition
The competition rules for this event are available from:
If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is: