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# 30-metre Acceleration Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but, in the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

### Objective

The objective of this test is to monitor the development of the athlete's ability to effectively and efficiently build up acceleration, from a standing start or from starting blocks, to maximum speed.

### Required Resources

To undertake this test, you will require:

• Flat non-slip surface
• Stopwatch
• An assistant

### How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to sprint as fast as possible over 30 metres

• The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
• The assistant marks out a 30-metre straight section with cones
• The athlete starts in their own time and sprints as fast as possible over the 30 metres
• The assistant starts the stopwatch on the athlete's 1st-foot strike after starting and stopping the stopwatch as the athlete's torso crosses the finishing line
• The test is conducted 3 times
• The assistant uses the fastest recorded time to assess the athlete's performance

### Assessment

The following normative data is available for this test:

 Gender Excellent Above Average Average Below Average Poor Male <4.0 secs 4.0 - 4.2 secs 4.3 - 4.4 secs 4.5 - 4.6 secs >4.6 secs Female <4.5 secs 4.5 - 4.6 secs 4.7 - 4.8 secs 4.9 - 5.0 secs >5.0 secs

Table adapted from Davis et al. (2000) [2]

For an evaluation of the athlete's performance select the gender, enter the 30 metres acceleration test time and then select the 'Calculate' button.

 Gender Female Male Time secs Assessment

#### Sprint time predictions

From the result of the 30 metres acceleration test, it is possible to predict potential times for the 60 metres, 100 metres and 200 metres. Enter the time for the 30 metres acceleration test and then select the "Calculate" button.

 Time secs 60m time secs 100m time secs 200m time secs

Predictions are based on controls for 100/200m athletes (Dick 1987)[1]

### Analysis

Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's acceleration.

### Target Group

This test is suitable for sprinters but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.

### Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

### Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful.

The test provides a guide to the athlete's potential future performance and a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

There are published tables (Dick 1987)[1] to relate results to potential performance in competition (60 metres, 100 metres and 200 metres) and the correlation is high with experienced athletes.

• Minimal equipment required
• Simple to set up and conduct
• Can be conducted indoors or outdoors

• Assistant required to administer the test

### References

1. DICK, F. (1987) Sprints and Relays. 5th ed. London, BAAB, p. 22
2. DAVIS, B. et al. (2000) Physical Education and the Study of Sport. UK: London, Harcourt Publishers Ltd. p. 125 Table 4.6

### Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

• ZAGATTO, A. (2009) Validity of the Running Anaerobic Sprint Test for Assessing Anaerobic Power and Predicting Short-Distance Performances. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 23 (6), p. 1820-182