There are perhaps three coaching styles - autocratic (do as I say), democratic (involve the athletes in decision making) and laissez-faire. The autocratic style could be broken into two types - telling and selling and the democratic style into sharing and allowing. There is little direction from a "Laissez fair" coaching style as this style allows the group to do what they want to. Coaches will use a variety of coaching styles depending on the coaching situation.
Autocratic Style - Telling
When using the Telling style, the coach:
On a circuit training session, the athletes are told the exercises in the circuit.
Autocratic Style - Selling
When using the Selling style, the coach:
On a circuit training session, the athletes are informed of the exercises in the circuit. The coach explains the object of circuit training and the purpose of each exercise. Athletes can ask questions to clarify any points.
Democratic Style - Sharing
When using the Sharing style, the coach:
The coach identifies a circuit training session. Athletes identify possible exercises for the circuit. The coach selects from the suggestions a set of exercises.
Democratic Style - Allowing
The coach identifies a circuit training session. The coach defines the conditions of the circuit to ensure it is safe and meets the overall objectives of the session. Athletes identify possible exercises for the circuit and then select a set of exercises that meet the coach's conditions.
B. Woods Coaching Styles
B. Woods (1998) identified 4 styles of coaching:
British Athletics identify the following coaching styles:
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