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The Task and Ego Orientation in Sports Questionnaire (TEOSQ) (Duda 1989)[1] can be used to assess whether an individual defines success in a sporting context as "task orientated" or "ego orientated".

Required Resources

To conduct this test, you will require:

  • Copy of the Questionnaire (see below)
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

  • The assistant explains the test protocol to the athlete:
    • Consider the statement "I feel most successful in a sport when…" and read each of the questions on the questionnaire below and indicate how much you agree with each statement by entering an appropriate score where:
    • 1 = strongly disagree, 2 = disagree, 3 = neutral, 4 = agree, 5 = strongly agree
  • The athlete completes the questionnaire - with no time limit
  • The assistant determines and records the athlete's TEOSQ scores


I feel most successful in sport when…

1) I am the only one who can do the play or skill
2) I learn a new skill, and it makes me want to practice more
3) I can do better than my friends
4) The others cannot do as well as me
5) I learn something that is fun to do
6) Others mess up, but I do not
7) I learn a new skill by trying hard
8) I work hard
9) I score the most points/goals/hits, etc.
10) Something I learn makes me want to practice more
11) I am the best
12) A skill I learn feels right
13) I do my very best

0 (Zero) is treated as 1, and a value above 5 is treated as 5


Select the "Calculate" button to assess your Ego & Task orientation.

Ego Orientation   Task Orientation (1 = Low ..... 5 = High)

NaN = You did not enter a number as a score

The Ego and Task orientation results are calculated as follows (q=question):

  • Ego Orientation = (q1 + q3 + q4 + q6 + q9 + q11) ÷ 6
  • Task Orientation = (q2 + q5 + q7 + q8 + q10 + q12 + q13) ÷ 7


Analysis of the result is by comparing it with previous tests' results. It is expected that the analysis would indicate an improvement with appropriate training between each test.

Target Group

This test is suitable for anyone but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring its intended measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors influencing the results and test reliability.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor training on the athlete's physical development.


  • No equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • More than one athlete can conduct the test at the same time
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Assistant required to administer the test


  1. Duda, J. L. (1989) Relationship between task and ego orientation and the perceived purpose of sport among high school athletes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, p. 318-335

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2005) TEOSQ [WWW] Available from: [Accessed