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Literature Review - Ergogenic Aids

Each reference comprises of the literature's "Title", "Author" and the "Journal" in which the paper appeared. The "Title" is a link to the article in which the literature is reviewed and the "[x]" at the end of the reference indicates the literature's reference number within that article.

  Paper 'Effects of creatine monohydrate supplementation on body composition and strength indices in experienced resistance trained women'
  Author Ferguson TB & DG Syrotuik
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 20(4):939-946. 2006.[3]

  Paper 'The effects of caffeine on athletic agility'
  Author Lorino AJ et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 20(4):851-854. 2006. [4]

  Paper 'Effects of eight weeks of caffeine supplementation and endurance training on aerobic fitness and body composition'
  Author Malek MH et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 20(4):751-755. 2006[5]

  Paper 'Ephedra use in a select group of adolescent athletes'
  Author Schaefer MP et al
  Journal Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 5, 407 - 414 [5]

  Paper 'Influence of Chronic Supplementation of Arginine Aspartate in Endurance Athletes on Performance and Substrate Metabolism. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study'
  Author Abel T et al
  Journal Int J Sports Med 2005; 26: 344-349 [6]

  Paper 'Effects of chronic NaHCO3 ingestion during interval training on changes to muscle buffer capacity, metabolism, and short-term endurance performance'
  Author Edge J et al
  Journal J Appl Physiol 101: 918-925, 2006 [1]

  Paper 'The influence of bovine colostrum supplementation on exercise performance in highly trained cyclists'
  Author Shing CM et al
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine 2006;40:797-801 [2]

  Paper 'Failure of Protein to Improve Time Trial Performance when Added to a Sports Drink'
  Author Van Essen M & Gibala MJ
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 38(8):1476-1483, August 2006 [3]

  Paper 'The Effectiveness of a Pre-Exercise Performance Drink (PRX) on Indices of Maximal Cardiorespiratory Fitness'
  Author Byars A et al
  Journal Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 3(1):56-59, 2006 [4]

  Paper 'Gender Differences in Carbohydrate Metabolismand Carbohydrate Loading'
  Author Wismann J & and Willoughby D
  Journal Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 3(1): 28-34, 2006 [5]

  Paper 'Chronic arginine aspartate supplementation in runners reduces total plasma amino acid level at rest and during a marathon run'
  Author Colombani PC
  Journal Eur J Nutr. 1999 Dec;38(6):263-70 [7]

  Paper 'Effects of leucine and whey protein supplementation during eight weeks of unilateral resistance training'
  Author Coburn JW et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 20(2), 284-291. 2006 [7]

  Paper 'Creatine supplementation and multiple sprint running performance'
  Author Glaister M et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 20(2), 273-277. 2006 [8]

  Paper 'The effects of creatine supplementation on selected factors of tennis specific training'
  Author Pluim BM
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine 2006, 40, 507-512 [9]

  Paper 'Scientifically Debatable: Is Creatine Worth it's Weight'
  Author Rawson ES and Clarkson PM
  Journal GSS Vol 16 (2003) No 4 [1]

  Paper 'Effect of High Dose Vitamin C Supplementation on Muscle Soreness, Damage, Function, and Oxidative Stress to Eccentric Exercise'
  Author Bryer S & Goldfarb AH
  Journal IJSNEM, 16(3), June 2006 [11]

  Paper 'Chocolate Milk as a Post-Exercise Recovery Aid'
  Author Karp JR et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 16(1), February 2006 [13]

  Paper 'Effect of Creatine Phosphate Supplementation on Anaerobic Working Capacity and Body Weight After Two and Six Days of Loading in Men and Women'
  Author Eckerson JM et al
  Journal The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: 2005 Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 756-763 [2]

  Paper 'Creatine supplementation and swim performance: a brief review'
  Author Hopwood MJ et al
  Journal Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 5, 10 - 24 [3]

  Paper 'Scientifically Debatable: Creatine : Does it Work?'
  Author Rawson ES and Clarkson PM
  Journal GSS Vol 16 (2003) No 4 [4]

  Paper 'Effects of Caffeine on Prolonged Intermittent-Sprint Ability in Team-Sport Athletes'
  Author Schneiker, KT et al
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 38(3):578-585, March 2006 [5]

  Paper 'The effects of carbohydrate loading on repetitive jump squat power performance'
  Author Hatfield DL et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 20(1): 167-171. 2006 [7]

  Paper 'Use of ß2 agonists in sport: are the present criteria right?'
  Author Orellana J et al
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine 2006;40:363-366 [8]

  Paper 'Ingestion of Tyrosine: Effects on Endurance, Muscle Strength, and Anaerobic Performance'
  Author Sutton EE
  Journal IJSNEM, 15(2), April 2005 [8]

  Paper 'Sodium Bicarbonate'
  Author WILLIAMS, Melvin H
  Journal Sport Dietary Supplements Update, [7]

  Paper 'Hypohydration impairs endurance exercise performance in temperate but not cold air'
  Author Cheuvront SN et al
  Journal J Appl Physiol 99: 1972-1976, 2005 [9]

  Paper ' Effects of Salbutamol Intake During a Wingate Test'
  Author Collomp K et al
  Journal Int J Sports Med 2005; 26: 513-517 [8]

  Paper 'Is it more effective for highly trained swimmers to live and train at 1200 m than at 1850 m in terms of performance and haematological benefits?'
  Author Roels B
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine 2006;40:e4 [9]

  Paper 'Rehydration: are athletes in danger of going too far?'
  Author WHITEHEAD, Clare
  Journal Peak Performance (GBR), October 2003, pp4-6 [5]

  Paper 'Nutritional supplements in Norwegian elite athletes - impact of international ranking and advisors'
  Author SUNDGOT-BORGEN, J. et al
  Journal Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Vol.13, Issue 2, (April 2003) pp138 [10]

  Paper 'The role of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of delayed onset muscle soreness in sport'
  Author STONE M. B et al
  Journal International SportMed Journal. Vol.5 No.2 2004 [13]

  Paper 'b-Hydroxy-b-Methylbutyrate (HMB) as an ergogenic aid in sport'
  Author SLATER GJ
  Journal International SportMed Journal 2(6), 2001 [13]

  Paper 'Effects of leg massage on recovery from high intensity cycling exercise'
  Author ROBERTSON A et al
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38, 2004, 173-176 [14]

  Paper 'Effect of creatine loading on long-term sprint exercise performance and metabolism'
  Author PREEN D et al
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 33(5), 814-821, May 2001 [12]

  Paper 'Fluid, Electrolyte, and Renal Indices of Hydration During 11 Days of Controlled Caffeine Consumption'
  Author Armstrong LE et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 15(3), June 2005 [11]

  Paper 'Reduction in Muscle Glycogen and Protein Utilization with Glucose Feeding During Exercise'
  Author Van Hamont D
  Journal IJSNEM, 15(4), August 2005 [12]

  Paper 'Vitamin C Supplementation Affects Oxidative-Stress Blood Markers in Response to a 30-Minute Run at 75% VO2 max'
  Author Goldfarb AH et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 15(3), June 2005 [13]

  Paper 'Effects of Acute Versus Chronic L-Carnitine L-tartrate Supplementation on Metabolic Responses to Steady State Exercise in Males and Females'
  Author Abramowicz WN et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 15(4), August 2005 [14]

  Paper 'Sodium citrate enhances 30-km cycling performance'
  Author POTTEIGER, J.A. et al
  Journal International Journal of Sports Medicine, No 17, 1996, pp7-11 [8]

  Paper 'Effects of sodium citrate ingestion before exercise on endurance performance in well trained college runners'
  Author OõPIK, V. et al
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol.37, 2003, pp485-489 [9]

  Paper 'Ginsengs: A review of safety and efficacy'
  Author MAHADY, Gail B
  Journal Nutrition in Clinical Care, Vol.3, Issue 2, March/April 2000, p90 [14]

  Paper 'The influence of intermittent altitude exposure to 4100m on exercise capacity and blood variables'
  Author LUNDBY C et al
  Journal Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, Online Early (2004) [15]

  Paper 'Effects of Ingestion of Bicarbonate, Citrate, Lactate, and Chloride on Sprint Running'
  Author VAN MONTFOORT, MCE et al
  Journal Med Sci Sports Exerc, 36(7), (2004), 1239-1243 [14]

  Paper 'Effect of massage of the hamstring muscle group on performance of the sit and reach test'
  Author BARLOW A et al
  Journal Br J Sports Med 2004 38: 349-351 [10]

  Paper 'Adaptive responses of human skeletal muscle to vibration exposure'
  Author BOSCO et al
  Journal Clinical Physiology, 19 (2), 1999, 183-187 [9]

  Paper 'Accuracy of Polar S410 Heart Rate Monitor to Estimate Energy Cost of Exercise'
  Author CROUTER, SE et al
  Journal Med Sci Sports Exerc, 36, 8, (2004) 1433-1439 [16]

  Paper 'The role of massage in the treatment of delayed onset muscle soreness: A brief review'
  Author HILBERT J. E et al
  Journal International SportMed Journal. Vol.5 No.2 2004 [11]

  Paper 'Effects of Massage on Limb and Skin Blood Flow after Quadriceps Exercise'
  Author HINDS, T et al
  Journal Med Sci Sports Exerc, 36(8), (2004), 1308-1313 [18]

  Paper 'The role of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) after acute exercise-induced muscle injuries'
  Author Ho AM et al
  Journal International SportMed Journal. 5(3), (2004) 209-227 [5]

  Paper 'Effect of hyperbaric oxygen on oxygen uptake and measurements in the blood and tissues in a normobaric environment'
  Author HODGES A N H et al
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37, 2003, 516-520 [2]

  Paper 'Advanced materials and sporting performance'
  Author JENKINS M
  Journal Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, Vol.27, No.1, 2002, 61-66(6) [1]

  Paper 'Effects of creatine supplementation on performance and training adaptations'
  Author KREIDER RB
  Journal Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Vol.244, No.1-2, 2003, pp89-94 [11]

  Paper 'The effect of wind on 100m sprint times'
  Author LINTHORNE N P
  Journal Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 10, 1994, 110-131 [18]

  Paper 'A model of wind and altitude effects on 110m hurdles',
  Author SPIEGEL J and Mureika J R
  Journal Sportscience: Original Research: Performance, Dec 2003 [16]

  Paper 'Comment on: 'A model of wind and altitude effects on 110m hurdles'
  Author LINTHORNE N P
  Journal Sportscience: Original Research: Performance, Dec 2003 [17]

  Paper 'Ergogenic Aids: A Review of Basic Science, Performance, Side Effects, and Status in Sports'
  Author TOKISH JM
  Journal The American Journal of Sports Medicine 32, (2004), 1543-1553 [14]

  Paper 'Effect of different sodium concentrations in replacement fluids during prolonged exercise in women'
  Author TWERENBOLD, R. et al
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol.37, 2003, pp300-303 [3]

  Paper 'The effect of creatine supplementation on strength recovery after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction'
  Author TYLER Timothy F
  Journal The American Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol.32, 2003, pp383-388 [12]

  Paper 'Effects of Ribose Supplementation Prior to and During Intense Exercise on Anaerobic Capacity and Metabolic Markers'
  Author Kerksick C et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 15(6), December 2005 [10]

  Paper 'Effect of Creatine Supplementation on Training for Competition in Elite Swimmers'
  Author Peyrebune MC et al
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 37(12):2140-2147, December 2005 [11]

  Paper 'Individual variation in the erythropoietic response to altitude training in elite junior swimmers'
  Author Friedmann B et al
  Journal Br J Sports Med 2005 39: 148-153 [17]

  Paper 'Inspiratory resistive loading improves cycling capacity: a placebo controlled trial'
  Author Gething AD et al
  Journal Br J Sports Med 2004 38: 730-736 [18]

  Paper 'Comparison of Erythrocyte and Skeletal Muscle Creatine Accumulation Following Creatine Loading'
  Author Preen D et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 15(1), February 2005 [16]

  Paper 'Accidental breaches of the doping regulations in sport: is there a need to improve the education of sportspeople?'
  Author Somerville SJ and Lewis M
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine (2005) 39:512-516 [4]

  Paper 'Nutritional supplement practices in UK junior national track and field athletes'
  Author Nieper A
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine 2005;39:645-649 [12]

  Paper 'Improved Recovery from Prolonged Exercise Following the Consumption of Low Glycemic Index Carbohydrate Meals'
  Author Stevenson E et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 15(4), August 2005 [13]

  Paper 'The Prolonged intake of L-Arganine-L-Aspartate Reduces Blood Lactate Accumulation and Oxygen Consumption During Sub-Maximal Exercise'
  Author Burtsher M et al
  Journal Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 4, 314 - 322 [14]

  Paper 'Adolescent Athletes and the Demand and Supply of Drugs to Improve their Performance'
  Author Laure P and Binsinger C
  Journal Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 4, 272 - 277 [15]

  Paper 'Eighteen days of "living high, training low" stimulate erythropoiesis and enhance aerobic performance in elite middle-distance runners'
  Author Brugniaux JV et al
  Journal J Appl Physiol 100: 203-211, 2006 [12]

  Paper 'Two Percent Dehydration Impairs and Six Percent Carbohydrate Drink Improves Boys Basketball Skills'
  Author Dougherty KA et al
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 38(9):1650-1658, Sep 2006 [9]

  Paper 'The effects of protein and amino acid supplementation on performance and training adaptations during ten weeks of resistance training'
  Author Kerksick CM et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 20(3):643-653. 2006 [10]

  Paper 'Effects of ribose as an ergogenic aid'
  Author Peveler WW et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 20(3): 519-522. 2006 [11]

  Paper 'Competitive Performance of Elite Olympic-Distance Triathletes: Reliability and Smallest Worthwhile Enhancement'
  Author Paton CD & Hopkins WG
  Journal Sportscience 9, 1-5, 2005 [12]

  Paper 'B-Vitamins and Exercise: Does Exercise Alter Requirements?'
  Author Woolf K and Manore MM
  Journal IJSNEM, 16(5), October 2006 [13]

  Paper 'Increased serum erythropoietin but not red cell production after 4 wk of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (4,000-5,500 m)'
  Author Gore CJ et al
  Journal J Appl Physiol 101: 1386-1393, 2006 [2]

  Paper 'A Low Glycemic Index Meal Before Exercise Improves Endurance Running Capacity in Men'
  Author Wu C-L and Williams C
  Journal IJSNEM, 16(5), October 2006 [4]

  Paper 'Awareness and Use of Caffeine by Athletes Competing at the 2005 Ironman Triathlon World Championships'
  Author Desbrow B and Leveritt M
  Journal IJSNEM, 16(5), October 2006 [5]

  Paper 'Physiological and Cognitive Responses to Caffeine During Repeated, High-Intensity Exercise'
  Author Crowe MJ et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 16(5), October 2006 [6]

  Paper 'Effect of Exercise Intensity on Active and Passive Glucose Absorption'
  Author Lang JA et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 16(5), October 2006 [7]

  Paper 'Improving Strength and Postural Control in Young Skiers: Whole-Body Vibration Versus Equivalent Resistance Training'
  Author Mahieu NN et al
  Journal J Athl Train. 2006; 41(3): 286-293 [10]

  Paper 'The Effect of Whey Isolate and Resistance Training on Strength, Body Composition, and Plasma Glutamine'
  Author Cribb PJ et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 16(5), October 2006 [11]

  Paper 'EPO Abuse: a Test Case'
  Author Hopkins WG
  Journal Sportscience 9, 22-23, 2005 [1]

  Paper 'Sodium Bicarbonate Ingestion Alters the Slow but Not the Fast Phase of VO2'
  Author Berger N et al
  Journal Kinetics. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 38(11):1909-1917, November 2006 [2]

  Paper 'Muscle fatigue increases metabolic costs of ergometer cycling without changing VO2 slow component'
  Author Ratkevicius A et al
  Journal Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 5, 440 - 448 [3]

  Paper Effects of Supplement Timing and Resistance Exercise on Skeletal Muscle Hypertrophy
  Author Cribb PJ & Hayes A
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 38(11):1918-1925, November 2006 [4]

  Paper 'Circadian variation in swim performance'
  Author Kline CE et al
  Journal J Appl Physiol 102: 641-649, 2007 [3]

  Paper 'Effects of Whey Isolate, Creatine, and Resistance Training on Muscle Hypertrophy'
  Author Cribb PJ et al
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 39(2):298-307, February 2007 [2]

  Paper 'Effects of ß-Hydroxy-ß-Methylbutyrate on Aerobic-Performance Components and Body Composition in College Students'
  Author Lamboley CRH et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 17(1), February 2007 [3]

  Paper 'Creatine and Glycerol Hyperhydration in Trained Subjects Before Exercise in the Heat'
  Author Easton C et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 17(1), February 2007 [4]

  Paper 'Effect of Protein Intake on Strength, Body Composition and Endocrine Changes in Strength/Power Athletes'
  Author Hoffman JR et al
  Journal Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 3(2):12-18, 2006 [5]

  Paper 'Postexercise Carbohydrate-Protein- Antioxidant Ingestion Decreases Plasma Creatine Kinase and Muscle Soreness'
  Author Luden ND et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 17(1), February 2007 [6]

  Paper 'Vitamin C and E Supplementation Effects in Professional Soccer Players Under Regular Training'
  Author Zoppi CC et al
  Journal Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 3(2): 37-44, 2006 [7]

  Paper 'Effects of bovine colostrum supplementation on immune variables in highly trained cyclists'
  Author Cecilia M. Shing CM et al
  Journal J Appl Physiol 102: 1113-1122, 2007 [8]

  Paper 'The effects of training in hyperoxia vs. normoxia on skeletal muscle enzyme activities and exercise performance'
  Author Perry CGR et al
  Journal J Appl Physiol 102: 1022-1027, 2007 [9]

  Paper 'Impact of Weather on Marathon-Running Performance'
  Author Ely MR et al
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 39(3):487-493, March 2007 [10]

  Paper 'Does Sodium-Bicarbonate Ingestion Improve Simulated Judo Performance?'
  Author Artioli GG et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 17(2), April 2007 [12]

  Paper 'Bicarbonate Loading to Enhance Training and Competitive Performance'
  Author Burke LM & Pyne DB
  Journal IJSPP, 2(1), March 2007 [3]

  Paper 'Acute effects of different warm-up protocols with and without a weighted vest on jumping performance in athletic women'
  Author Thompsen AG et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(1):52-56. 2007 [4]

  Paper 'Carbohydrate Loading and Female Endurance Athletes: Effect of Menstrual-Cycle Phase'
  Author McLay RT et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 17(2), April 2007 [11]

  Paper ‘Unchanged Anaerobic and Aerobic Performance after Short-Term Intermittent Hypoxia’
  Author Tadibi V et al
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 39(5):858-864, May 2007 [3]

  Paper ‘Carbohydrate Attenuates Perceived Exertion during Intermittent Exercise and Recovery'
  Author Utter AC et al
  Journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 39(5):880-885, May 2007. [4]

  Paper ‘Effects of warm-up and precooling on endurance performance in the heat’
  Author Ückert S and Joch W
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine 2007;41:380-384 [6]

  Paper ‘Ice-water immersion and delayed-onset muscle soreness: a randomised controlled trial’
  Author Sellwood KL et al
  Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine 2007;41:392-397 [7]

  Paper 'Magnetic muscle stimulation produces fatigue without effort'
  Author Taylor JL
  Journal J Appl Physiol 103: 733-734, 2007 [3]

  Paper 'A novel technique for nonvolitional assessment of quadriceps muscle endurance in humans'
  Author Swallow EB et al
  Journal J Appl Physiol 103: 739-746, 2007 [4]

  Paper 'Caffeine-Induced Changes in Cardiovascular Function During Resistance Training'
  Author Astorino TA et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 17(5), October 2007 [6]

  Paper 'Effect of Red Bull Energy Drink on Repeated Wingate Cycle Performance and Bench-Press Muscle Endurance'
  Author Forbes SC et al
  Journal IJSNEM, 17(5), October 2007 [7]

  Paper 'Well-Trained Endurance Athletes' Knowledge, Insight, and Experience of Caffeine Use'
  Author Desbrow B & Leveritt M
  Journal IJSNEM, 17(4), August 2007 [8]

  Paper 'Consumption of an oral carbohydrate-protein gel improves cycling endurance and prevents post-exercise muscle damage'
  Author Saunders MJ et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(3):678–684. 2007 [8]

  Paper 'Effects of a protease supplement on eccentric exercise–induced markers of delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage'
  Author Beck TW et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(3):661–667. 2007 [7]

  Paper 'Effects of creatine supplementation and three days of resistance training on muscle strength, power output, and neuromuscular function'
  Author Cramer JT et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(3):668−677. 2007 [6]

  Paper 'The effects of creatine loading on thermoregulation and intermittent sprint exercise performance in a hot humid environment'
  Author Wright GA et al
  Journal J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(3):655–660. 2007 [5]