Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made. In the analysis, we need to consider factors influence the results.
Draper and Whyte (1997) developed the Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST) to test a runner's anaerobic performance. RAST is similar to the Wingate ANaerobic 30 cycle Test (WANT), providing coaches with power and fatigue index measurements. WANT is more specific for cyclists, whereas the RAST offers a test that can be used with athletes where running is the primary method of movement.
To conduct this test, you will require:
How to conduct the test
This test requires the athlete to undertake six 35 metre sprints with 10 seconds of recovery between each sprint.
Power output for each sprint is found using the following equations.
From the six times, calculate the power for each run and then determine:
Athlete weight = 76 Kilograms
It is a measure of the highest power output and provides information about the strength and maximal sprint speed. The research range is 1054 watts to 676 watts.
The lowest power output is achieved and used to calculate the Fatigue Index. The research range is 674 watts to 319 watts.
The higher the score, the better the athlete's ability to maintain anaerobic performance over time.
Indicates the rate at which power declines. The lower the value, the higher the athlete's ability to maintain anaerobic performance. With a high fatigue index value (>10), the athlete may need to improve their lactate tolerance.
Analysis of the test result compares it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's anaerobic capacity with appropriate training between each test.
This test is suitable for sprint and endurance athletes and players of endurance sports (e.g. football, rugby) but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.
Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring its intended measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors influencing the results and test reliability.
Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor training on the athlete's physical development. Marcos et al. (2013) concluded that the RAST test was not a valid method to evaluate cyclists' anaerobic power performance, considering the Wingate test as a reference.
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