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# Standing Long Jump Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made. In the analysis, we need to consider factors influencing the results.

### Objective

To monitor the development of the athlete's elastic leg strength.

### Required Resources

To conduct this test, you will require:

• Long Jump Pit
• 30-metre tape measure
• Assistant

### How to conduct the test

• The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
• The athlete places their feet over the edge of the sandpit, crouches down and, using the arms and legs, jumps horizontally as far as possible, landing with both feet in the sandpit
• The assistant measures and records the distance from the edge of the sandpit to the nearest impression made by the athlete in the sandpit
• The athlete repeats the test 3 times
• The assistant uses the longest recorded distance to assess the athlete's leg strength

### Assessment

The following normative data is available for this test.

The following data has been obtained from the tests conducted with world-class athletes (Chu 1996)[1].

 % Rank Females Males 91-100 2.94 - 3.15 metres 3.40 - 3.75 metres 81 - 90 2.80 - 2.93 metres 3.10 - 3.39 metres 71 - 80 2.65 - 2.79 metres 2.95 - 3.09 metres 61 - 70 2.50 - 2.64 metres 2.80 - 2.94 metres 51 - 60 2.35 - 2.49 metres 2.65 - 2.79 metres 41 - 50 2.20 - 2.34 metres 2.50 - 2.64 metres 31 - 40 2.05 - 2.19 metres 2.35 - 2.49 metres 21 - 30 1.90 - 2.04 metres 2.20 - 2.34 metres 11 - 20 1.75 - 1.89 metres 2.05 - 2.19 metres 1 - 10 1.60 - 1.74 metres 1.90 - 2.04 metres

The following table is for male athletes (adapted from Hede et al. 2011)[2]:

 Age Excellent Above average Average Below average Poor 14 > 2.11m 2.11 - 1.96m 1.95 - 1.85m 1.84 - 1.68m <1.68m 15 >2.26m 1.26 - 2.11m 2.10 - 1.98m 1.97 - 1.85m <1.85m 16 >2.36m 2.36 - 2.21m 2.20 - 2.11m 2.10 - 1.98m <1.98m >16 >2.44m 2.44 - 2.29m 2.28 - 2.16m 2.15 - 1.98m <1.98m

The following table is for female athletes (adapted from Hede et al. 2011)[2]:

 Age Excellent Above average Average Below average Poor 14 >1.91m 1.91 - 1.73m 1.72 - 1.60m 1.59 - 1.47m <1.47m 15 >1.85m 1.84 - 1.73m 1.72 - 1.60m 1.59 - 1.50m <1.50m 16 >1.83m 1.83 - 1.68m 1.67 - 1.58m 1.57 - 1.45m <1.45m >16 >1.91m 1.91 - 1.78m 1.77 - 1.63m 1.62 - 1.50m <1.50m

The world record for the standing long jump is currently held by Arne Tvervaag (Norwegian), who, in 1968, jumped 3.71 meters.

For evaluating the athlete's performance, select the gender, enter the distance and then select the 'Calculate' button.

 Gender Female Male Distance metres Assessment -

Calculations are based on Chu (1996)[1] normative data table

### Analysis

Analysis of the test result compares it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's leg strength with appropriate training between each test.

### Target Group

This test is suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.

### Reliability

Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors influencing the results and test reliability.

### Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor training on the athlete's physical development.

• Minimal equipment required
• Simple to set up and conduct
• The athlete can administer the test

• Specific facilities required - long jump pit
• Assistant required to administer the test

### References

1. CHU, D.A. (1996) Explosive Power and Strength. Champaign: Human Kinetics. p. 171
2. HEDE, C et al. (2011) PE Senior Physical Education for Queensland. UK: Oxford University Press. p. 178-179