3km Training Program
As all athletes have different needs, a single program suitable for all athletes is not possible. A training program has to be developed to meet the athlete's individual needs and consider many factors: gender, age, strengths, weaknesses, objectives, training facilities etc. The program supplied here is just an example and will require updates to meet your specific aims and objectives.
Before starting any training, you must have a medical examination to ensure it is safe for you to do so.
Overview of the Training Program
The season's training plan is based on six phases, each comprising a repeated four-week program. The workload in the first three weeks of the four-week program increases each week (easy, medium, hard), and the fourth week comprises active recovery and tests to monitor training progress. The four-week cycles aim to:
Remember, a training program is athlete specific, and the results of the tests in the fourth week can be used to adjust the training in the next four-week cycle to address any limitations.
The content and quantity of training each week and phase will depend on many factors. The Planning page provides an insight into data gathering and preparing training programs.
Example Training Plan & Programs
The objective of each phase, with links to examples of a season's training plan and four-week training programs for phases 1, 2 and 3, are as follows:
The content of the four-week programs in phases four and five depends very much on the athlete's progress and competitive races. Your aim in these phases is to address any limitations the athlete may have to bring them to a peak performance for the major competition in phase five.
In the specific training phases, you will see that you run at three different paces - race pace, 5% faster than race pace and 5% slower than race pace. You must decide on a realistic target time for your 3km in phase five. The use of appropriate tests in week four of the training plan can determine if your target time needs adjustment and the session times on your training plan.
What are the objectives of running at these three different paces?
The following are links to the appropriate page for the activities identified in the training programs.
The pace indicated for the sessions is in terms of the percentage of a distance pb. e.g. 3 × 1 km in tpb+5%. If the athlete has a target personal best (tpb) of 10 minutes for the 3km, then running at tpb+5% pace would require the athlete to complete the 3km in 10.53 minutes (10 x 100 ÷ 95), which is 10 minutes 31 seconds, so the 1 km should be completed in 3 minutes 30 seconds (10.53 ÷ 3000 × 1000).
The following evaluation tests can be used to monitor the athlete's development:
Prediction based on 3km time
It is possible to predict your 400 metres, 800 metres, 1500 metres, 5 km, 10 km, ½ Marathon and Marathon times from your current 3km time using Frank Horwill's four-second rule for males and Frank Horwill's five-second rule for female athletes.
Rules of Competition
The competition rules for this event are available from:
If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is: