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Power

Power is the rate of performing work. It is a measure of how much energy is created in each second that passes, the size of the force applied and the velocity at which it is applied.

Power {(Force × Distance) ÷ Time} represents the product of strength and speed of movement expressed in Watts. Where Force is measured in Newtons (1kg=10N), the Distance in metres and Time in seconds.

• 1 Watt = 0.73756 ft/lb/sec = 6.12 kg/m/min
• 1 Watt = 0.01433 kcal/min = 0.05 ml/kg/min
• 1 kcal/min = 3.5 ml/kg/min
• 1 kcal = 4.186 kjoules
• 1 kjoule = 0.23889 kcal

Example

An 80 kg athlete can run up a set of stairs, vertical height 3 metres, in 1.5 seconds

• Force = 800 N (80 x 10), Distance = 3 metres, Time = 1.5 seconds
• Energy = 800 x 3 = 2400 joules
• Power = Energy (joules) ÷ Time (seconds)
• Power = 2400 ÷ 1.5 = 1600 watts

Power calculator

For a calculation of power enter the distance, weight and time and then select the 'Calculate' button.

 Distance Kilometres Metres Weight Kg Time hrs mins secs Energy joules Power watts

Anaerobic Power

Anaerobic power is the ability to produce energy by the ATP-PC energy system and can be assessed with the Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST). Fry (2014) found that the Kansas squat test provides a reliable indicator of short-term anaerobic power.

Aerobic Power

Aerobic power is dependent on the chemical ability of the muscular tissues to use oxygen in breaking down fuels and the combined ability of the cardiovascular and pulmonary system to transport oxygen to the muscular tissues.

References

1. FRY, A. C. et al. (2014) Kansas Squat Test: A Reliable Indicator of Short-term Anaerobic Power. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28 (3), p. 630-635

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

• PASIAKOS, S. M. et al. (2014) The Effects of Protein Supplements on Muscle Mass, Strength, and Aerobic and Anaerobic Power in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine, p. 1-21
• ESFABDIARI, S. et al. (2014) Short-term high-intensity interval and continuous moderate-intensity training improve maximal aerobic power and diastolic filling during exercise. European journal of applied physiology, 114 (2), p. 331-343
• UENO, Y. et al. (2011) Aerobic and anaerobic power of rugby football players. In Science and Football: Proceedings of the First World Congress of Science and Football Liverpool, 13-17th April 1987. Routledge.