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AQA GCE AS & A Level PE

The following is a cross reference of the AQA GCE AS and A level Physical Education course (June 2014 onwards)[1] and the location of related information on the Sports Coach website. The links indicate the page where you will find the information -you may have to search that page to find the specific topic.

Unit 2 PHED2 Analysis and evaluation of physical activity as a performer and/or in an adopted role/s

Section B - Application of theoretical knowledge for effective performance

Applied Exercise Physiology in practical situations  
Principles of training – concepts of specificity, progression, over-training, overload, reversibility and tedium, FITT principles Training Principles
FITT Principles
Calculating working intensities for optimal gains through heart rate and Borg scale, weights – one rep max Heart Rate
Maximum Heart Rate
Borg Scale
One Rep Max
Fitness testing – reasons for testing, principles of maximal and sub-maximal tests, limitations of testing, specific test protocols, issues relating to validity and reliability Performance Evaluation
Physiological and psychological value of a warmup and cool-down; types of stretching exercises, active, passive, static and ballistic; principles of safe practice Warm up & Cool down
Types of Stretching
Static Stretching Exercises
Dynamic Stretching Exercises
Training methods – continuous, intermittent, circuit, weights, plyometrics and mobility training; explanation of the principles of each method, specific examples, advantages and disadvantages. Interval & Continuous Training
Circuit Training
Weight Training
Plyometrics
Mobility
   
Skill Acquisition in practical situations  
Factors to consider when developing skill and planning training/coaching sessions Skill Classification
Skill Development
Skill, Technique and Ability
Planning the Training
Personal Exercise Plan
Teaching styles – command, reciprocal, discovery and problem solving Teaching Styles
Methods of presenting practice – whole, progressive part and whole-part-whole Methods of Practice
Types of practice – massed, distributed, variable and mental practice Types of Practice
Methods of guidance – verbal, visual, manual and mechanical Methods of Guidance
Feedback – types of feedback, Knowledge of Performance, Knowledge of Results, terminal, concurrent, delayed, positive and negative, intrinsic, extrinsic. Feedback

Unit 3 PHED3 Optimising performance and evaluating contemporary issues within sport

Section A - Applied physiology to optimise performance

Aerobic energy system  
Simplified biochemistry in the breakdown, release and regeneration of ATP in glycolosis, the Kreb cycle and Electron transport chain, role of mitochondria, use in sporting situations ATP
Electron Transport
Kreb Cycle
Mitochondria
Oxygen deficit, Excess Post-exercise Oxygen Consumption, including fast and slow components of the recovery process Oxygen deficit
VO2 max-limiting factor to performance VO2 max
   
Anaerobic energy systems  
Simplified biochemistry in the lactate anaerobic system – use in sporting situations Exercise Intensity and Energy Source
Lactate threshold/Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation (OBLA) and fatigue; relationship with VO2 max OBLA
Lactate Threshold
VO2 max
ATP-PC energy system – use in sporting situations. Energy Systems
   
Muscles  
Structure and function Muscle Types
Characteristics of different fibre types (slow twitch (type I), fast glycolytic (type IIb) and fast oxidative glycolytic (type IIa)) and examples in sport Muscle Types 
Sliding filament hypothesis Muscle Movement
Motor units; spatial summation Speed Training
   
Preparation and training  
The role and effectiveness of creatine, protein supplements, herbal remedies, bicarbonate of soda and caffeine Creatine
Supplements
Sodium Bicarbonate
Water and electrolyte balance; the athlete's diet Sports Drinks
Achieving optimal weight for activities Weight Management
Ideal Weight
Effects of ergogenic aids, EPO, anabolic steroids, Human Growth Hormone and betablockers. Supplements
Ergogenic Aids
   
Specialised training  
Plyometrics Plyometrics
PNF stretching PNF
Altitude training Altitude
Glycogen loading Carbohydrate Loading
Periodisation Planning 
Thermoregulation in differing environments Environmental Effects
Lactate sampling, respiratory exchange ratio (RER) Respiratory Exchange Ratio (RER)
   
Sports injuries  
Prevention and rehabilitation – use and effect of hyperbaric chambers, oxygen tents and ice baths on recovery

Cryotherapy
Injury Prevention
Hot & Cold Contrast Baths
Oxygen Tent

Delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) DOMS
   
Mechanics of movement  
Vectors and scalars – velocity, acceleration and momentum /impulse in sprinting Biomechanics
Newton's Laws applied to movements– application of forces in sporting activities Biomechanics
Projectile motion – factors affecting distance, vector components of parabolic flight Biomechanics
Factors effecting distance
Angular motion – conservation of angular momentum during flight, moment of inertia and its relationship with angular velocity Biomechanics

Section B - Psychological aspects that optimise performance

Aspects of personality  
Definition of personality  
Interactionalist perspective  
Personality as a predictor of performance  
Use of personality testing  
Profile of mood states (POMs) POMS
Achievement motivation – motives to achieve  
(Nach) and avoid failure (Naf), and the characteristics of each  
Incentive value and probability of success  
Development of approach and avoidance behaviour.  
   
Arousal  
Drive, inverted U and catastrophe theories Inverted U
Catastrophe Theory
Practical applications and impact on performance Competitive Anxiety
Zone of Optimal Functioning and peak flow experience  
   
Controlling anxiety  
Different types of anxiety – somatic; cognitive, trait and state Types of anxiety
Measuring anxiety – Observations; questionnaires; SCAT, STA1, CSAI 2, physiological measures SCAT
CSAI-2
Cognitive techniques – imagery, mental rehearsal and stress management, attentional control and cue utilisation, thought stopping, self-talk Imagery skills
Self Hypnosis
Stress Management
Self Confidence
Somatic techniques – biofeedback, centring, breathing control and muscle relaxation

Centering
Breathing control
Relaxation Techniques

Goal-setting – characteristics of effective goal setting. Goal Setting
   
Attitudes  
Definitions and components of an attitude  
Influences on formation of an attitude and influences on behaviour  
Changing attitudes through cognitive dissonance and persuasive communication  
   
Aggression  
Definitions and types – channelled and instrumental aggression, difference between aggression and assertion
 
Theories of aggression – instinct theory, learning theory and aggressive cue theory  
Strategies to control aggression.  
   
Confidence  
Self-confidence and self-efficacy – Bandura's model – determinants and changes in self-efficacy Self Confidence
Bandura's Model
Social facilitation and inhibition  
Evaluation apprehension, Baron's distraction conflict theory, home field advantage  
Strategies to eliminate the adverse effects of all the above on performance  
   
Attribution theory  
Weiner's model and its application to sporting situations  
Link between attribution and task persistence  
Attribution retraining, self serving bias  
Learned helplessness, general and specific  
   
Group success  
Group formation and dynamics, Carron's antecedents Group Dynamics
Factors affecting cohesion – co-operation and co-ordination Group Dynamics
Task and social cohesion Group Dynamics
Steiner's model of potential and actual productivity, faulty group processes, strategies to overcome faulty processes  
Ringlemann effect and social loafing – strategies to overcome social loafing Group Dynamics
   
Leadership  
Qualities associated with leaders Leadership
Types of leadership – autocratic, democratic, laissez faire Leadership Styles
Effectiveness of leadership styles Leadership Styles
Prescribed and emergent leaders  
Fiedler's Contingency model – task and person orientated and Chelladurai's multi-dimensional model.  


References

  1. AQA (2014) GCE AS and A Level specification Physical Education, Version1.6

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2007) AQA GCE AS & A Level PE [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/gcse.htm [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: