Profile of Mood States (POMS)
POMS is a standard validated psychological test formulated by McNair et al. (1971). The questionnaire contains 65 words/statements that describe the feelings people have. The test requires you to indicate for each word or statement how you have been feeling in the past week, including today.
To conduct this test, you will require:
How to conduct the test
Terry (n.d.) provides POMS norms for an athletic sample (n=2086) grouped by level of competition (International standard athletes, club level athletes and recreational athletes).
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with previous tests' results. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.
Morgan & Johnson (1978)found that plotting elite performers' mood state results before competition exhibited the graph below. With a raised peak for vigour, this graph was termed the "Iceberg" profile.
This test is suitable for anyone but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.
Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various of factors that may influence the results and therefore, the test reliability.
Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the mood state of an athlete.
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