Profile of Mood States (POMS)
POMS is a standard validated psychological test formulated by McNair et al. (1971). The questionnaire contains 65 words/statements that describe the feelings people have. The test requires you to indicate for each word or statement how you have been feeling in the past week including today.
To undertake this test, you will require:
How to conduct the test
Terry (n.d.) provides POMS norms for an athletic sample (n=2086) grouped by level of competition (International standard athletes, club level athletes and recreational athletes).
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.
Morgan & Johnson (1978) found that plotting the mood state results of elite performers prior to competition exhibited the graph below. This graph, with a raised peak for Vigour, was termed the "Iceberg" profile.
This test is suitable for anyone but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.
Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.
Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the mood state of an athlete.
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