Multi-Stage Fitness Test
Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made. In the analysis, we need to consider the factors influencing the results.
This test is perfect for game players as it is specific to the nature of the sport, but, due to the short sharp turns, it is perhaps not suitable for rowers, runners or cyclists.
To conduct this test, you will require:
How to conduct the test
This test requires the athlete to run 20m in time with a beep from a CD recording. The athlete must place one foot on or beyond the 20m marker at the end of each shuttle.
Normative data for MSFT
The following tables are adapted from Bizley et al. (2010)
The test comprises of 23 levels, and each level lasts approximately one minute. Each level consists of a series of 20m shuttle runs where the starting speed is 8.5km/hr and increases by 0.5km/hr at each level. On the tape/CD, a single beep indicates the end of a shuttle, and three beeps indicate the next level's start.
The starting speed is 8.5km/hr and increases by 0.5km/hr at each level. The time for each 20-metre section can be estimated from the following equation:
e.g. the time for 20m at level 11 is 5.33 seconds.
Knowing that the starting speed is 8.5km/hr and increases by 0.5km/hr at each level and the duration of each level is approximately one minute then, the number of shuttles at each level can be estimated from the following equation:
The result is rounded up to the nearest whole number, e.g. the number of shuttles at level 17 is 13.82, rounded up to 14 shuttles.
Analysis of the test result is done by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. With appropriate training between each test, the analysis expected that the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's VO2 max.
This test is suitable for endurance athletes and players of endurance sports (e.g. football, rugby) but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.
Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors influencing the results and test reliability.
This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development. Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. Published VO2 max score equivalents for each level reached, and the correlation to actual VO2 max is high. For assessing your your VO2 max, see the VO2 max normative data tables.
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