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Children & Resistance Training - Part 2

Brendan Chaplin examines the statement: Do children and adolescents need resistance training?

Fact or Fallacy: Children should not train with weights? There are a few questions to be answered in this debate which are:

  • Is resistance training safe to use with children and adolescents??
  • Do they need it?
  • What are the benefits?

This first article considers the question of safety, this article considers if they need it and the third article looks at the benefits of resistance training.

Do they need resistance training?

Although I would say that young people who want to improve sports performance will generally benefit more from practicing and perfecting skills of the sport than from resistance training. In the days of sports being taken extremely seriously from a young age, the value of strength training to the young performer is increasingly important.

Take the early specialization high skill sports such as tennis, badminton, soccer and many more. Rightly or wrongly participants are often undertaking 10 or more hours of one sport per week, and obviously becoming very skilled at these sports. However, the time spent developing sport specific actions also creates asymmetries and imbalances meaning that injuries occur frequently in these juniors.

I am not in favour of early specialization, my view is that children should play as many sports as they can and I would hope to go down this path with my own kids. But it appears that I am in the minority, and these injuries are occurring in some of these sports.

If you are working with these sports as a trainer or S&C coach you really have to take the line of it is unethical to not be strengthening the key areas to give these kids a chance to continue playing.

On top of that you have a more sedentary youth population nowadays. Its all well and good saying play sports but are they really going to do it? Parents look to trainers and S&C coaches to provide that physical stimulus to their children as they will not get it elsewhere. It is a niche that is growing and provides fun and challenging work for us coaches.

To be honest, even in the late specialization sports such as rugby union the argument is exactly same, just a little more delayed.

Here is a quote from the RFU (2007)[2] position statement of youth strength training:

Young rugby players need a long term, comprehensive skills and conditioning programme that includes well planned and supervised strength training from an early age. This is desirable for all young players who might eventually play club rugby as adults; it is essential for young players who aspire (realistically) to play at the elite level.

Professional rugby players are increasingly large and powerful. England international forwards and backs in 2003 weighed, on average, 109 kg and 90 kg respectively, compared with 100 kg and 83 kg for their counterparts in 1991. A greater proportion of this additional weight in modern players is lean body mass, so more force is generated in the collisions. (England Rugby Injury and Training Audit 2002-04).

In order to compete in the professional game a young player must often become bigger, nearly always stronger and definitely more resistant to injury through the use of a strength training programme.

Most players in England will not have been introduced to this type of training until 16 and in many cases 18 years old. The player is then often "fast tracked" through a strength programme in order to prepare him for the rigours of the adult game. This is potentially injurious to the player if the necessary foundation work has not been done to enable him to tolerate the loads.

Young athletes are making the same mistake so many did in the 1950s and 60s. They attempt to "play themselves into shape". With high sport demands and forces acting on young bones, ligaments and tendons, sport related injuries have started to proliferate. Often injury is due to being physically unprepared to participate. Optimal resistance (strength) training may in fact be key to the prevention of injuries in high school athletes.

By the early 90s people realized young athletes needed to prepare their bodies as they were not able to meet the demands and resistance (strength) training may be of help in preparation and injury prevention (Fleck & Kraemer (2003)[1])


References

  1. FLECK, S. KRAEMER, W. (2005) Strength Training for Young Athletes. London, Human Kinetics, p.3
  2. THE RUGBY FOOTBALL UNION (2007) Strength Training for Young Rugby Players – Position [WWW] Available from: https://www.rfu.com/takingpart/fitness/~/media/Files/2009/Fitness/071203 sw RFU position statement - strength training for young players.ashx [Accessed 30 October 2012]

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work then the reference for this page is:

  • CHAPLIN, B. (2012) Children & Resistance Training - Part 2 [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/articles/article113.htm [Accessed

About the Author

Brendan Chaplin is currently Head of Strength and Conditioning at Leeds Metropolitan University. In this role Brendan overseas all performance programmes across the university as well leading on the GB Badminton High performance Programme, Yorkshire Jets Super league netball, Women's FA through the English Institute of Sport, and Rugby League. Brendan is also the regional lead for TASS where he delivers and co-ordinates delivery for all funded athletes based at the Leeds Hubsite. He also consults with England Golf and works with a wide variety of athletes from martial artists to cyclists, children and adolescents alike. Prior to his current role Brendan has worked with a number of governing bodies and institutions including British Tennis, Huddersfield Giants, English Institute of Sport, Durham University and many more.

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