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40 metre Multiple Sprint Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

Objective

The objective of this test is to monitor the athlete's level of sprint fatigue.

Required Resources

To undertake this test you will require:

  • Flat non-slip surface
  • Starting Blocks
  • Stopwatch
  • An assistant

How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to complete 6 x 40 metre sprint time trials.

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The assistant marks a 40 metre straight section with cones on the track
  • The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
  • The athlete sprints the 40 metres as fast as possible
  • The assistant stops the stopwatch when the athlete's torso crosses the finishing line and records the time
  • The athlete rest for 30 seconds
  • The athlete performs 6 x 40m sprints with 30 seconds recover between each sprint and the assistant records the time for each of the 40 metre sprints

Assessment

I have been unable to locate any normative data for this test.

For an evaluation of the athlete's fatigue level enter the six 40m sprint times and then select the 'Calculate' button. The difference between the total and optimal times (fatigue level) will be displayed.

1st 40m secs   2nd 40m secs
3rd 40m secs   4th 40m secs
5th 40m secs   6th 40m secs
  Fatigue Level

Fatigue level is calculated as follows: Total Time for the 6 sprints - (Fastest Time x 6)

Analysis

Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's speed and fatigue level.

Target Group

This test is suitable for runners but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.

Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

Advantages

  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted indoors or outdoors

Disadvantages

  • Assistant required to administer the test

Free Calculator


Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • NESSER, T. et al. (1996) Physiological determinants of 40-meter sprint performance in young male athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 10 (4), p. 263-267.

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2006) 40 metre Multiple Sprint Test [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/40sprint.htm [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: