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Zig-Zag Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

Objective

The objective of this test is to monitor the development of the athlete's speed and agility.

Required Resources

To undertake this test you will require:

  • 5 cones
  • Flat non-slip surface
  • Stopwatch
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to run around a series of cones as fast as possible.

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The assistant marks  out a rectangle 10 by 16 feet with four cones and places a cone in the centre
  • The assistant gives the command "GO" and starts the stopwatch
  • The athlete commences the test at the Start & Finish cone and follows the grey route indicated in the diagram
  • The assistant stops the stopwatch and records the time when the athlete's torso crosses the Start & Finish cone
Zig zag

Assessment

For an evaluation of the athlete's speed enter the time and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Time seconds     feet/sec mph m/sec Km/hr

Analysis

Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's results of previous this tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's agility and speed.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active athletes but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.

Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

Advantages

  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • The test can be administered by the athlete
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere

Disadvantages

  • Assistant required to administer the test


Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • MIRKOV, D. et al. (2008) Evaluation of the reliability of soccer-specific field tests. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22 (4), p. 1046-1050
  • LITTLE, T. and WILLIAMS, A. G. (2006) Effects of differential stretching protocols during warm-ups on high-speed motor capacities in professional soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 20 (1), p. 203-307
  • JONES, P. et al. (2009) An investigation into the physical determinants of change of direction speed. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 49 (1), p. 97-104

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2005) Zig-Zag Test [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/zigzag.htm [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: