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Wall Squat Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made. In the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.


To monitor the development of the athlete's quadriceps strength endurance.

Required Resources

To conduct this test, you will require:

  • Flat non-slip surface
  • Smooth wall
  • Stopwatch
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to balance on one leg in the squat position for as long as possible.

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The athlete assumes a sitting position with their back against the wall, feet flat on the ground and a 90° angle at the hips and knees
  • The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
  • The athlete lifts the right foot 5cm off the ground
  • The assistant stops the stopwatch and records the time when the athlete's foot is put back on the ground
  • The athlete repeats the test for the left foot following a short rest
Wall Squat


The following normative data is available for this test.

The following table (Arnot and Gaines 1984)[1] is the national norms for 16 to 19-year-olds.

Gender Excellent Above Average Average Below Average Poor
Male >102 secs 102 - 76 secs 75 - 58 secs 57 - 30 secs <30 secs
Female >60 secs 60 - 46 secs 45 - 36 secs 35 - 20 secs <20 secs

For an evaluation of the athlete's performance, select the gender, enter the lowest time from the two tests and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Gender Time seconds     Score =

Calculations are based on the normative data table[1]


Analysis of the test result compares it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's quadriceps strength endurance.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors that may influence the results and therefore, test reliability.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor training on the athlete's physical development.


  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Assistant required to administer the test


  1. ARNOT, R. and GAINES, C. (1984) Sports Talent. Harmondsworth: Penguin

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2004) Wall Squat Test [WWW] Available from: [Accessed