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Wall Squat Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

Objective

To monitor the development of the athlete's quadriceps strength endurance.

Required Resources

To undertake this test you will require:

  • Flat non-slip surface
  • Smooth wall
  • Stopwatch
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to balance on one leg in the squat position for as long as possible.

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The athlete assumes a sitting position with their back against the wall, feet flat on the ground  and a 90° angle at the hips and knees
  • The assistant gives the Command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
  • The athlete lifts the right foot 5cm off the ground
  • The assistant stops the stopwatch and records the time when the athlete's foot is put back on the ground
  • The athlete repeats the test for the left foot following a short rest
Wall Squat

Assessment

The following normative data is available for this test.

The following table (Arnot and Gaines 1984)[1] is the national norms for 16 to 19 year olds.

Gender Excellent Above Average Average Below Average Poor
Male >102 secs 102 - 76 secs 75 - 58 secs 57 - 30 secs <30 secs
Female >60 secs 60 - 46 secs 45 - 36 secs 35 - 20 secs <20 secs

For an evaluation of the athlete's performance select the gender, enter the lowest time from the two tests and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Gender Time seconds     Score =

Calculations are based on the normative data table[1]

Analysis

Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's quadriceps strength endurance.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.

Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

Advantages

  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere

Disadvantages

  • Assistant required to administer the test


References

  1. ARNOT, R. and GAINES, C. (1984) Sports Talent. Harmondsworth: Penguin

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • CHO, M. (2013) The Effects of Modified Wall Squat Exercises on Average Adults&#39; Deep Abdominal Muscle Thickness and Lumbar Stability. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 25 (6), p. 689
  • HINDS, E. (2011) The additional effects of swiss ball use during the wall squat exercise on lowerlimb muscle activity. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45 (2), p. e1-e1
  • WHITEHEAD, P. N. et al. (2012) Possible new modalities for the Navy physical readiness test. Military medicine, 177 (11), p. 1417-1425

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2004) Wall Squat Test [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/wallsquat.htm [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: