The Paralympics Games
Spirit in Motion
Founder of the Paralympics
The idea for the Paralympics Games was developed from the work of Sir Ludwig Guttman who, in 1948, organised a competition in Stoke Mandeville (UK) for Second World War veterans with spinal injuries. He believed that sport was good for both morale and rehabilitation. The success of this competition meant that by 1960 Olympic-style Games with international participation had evolved.
Although there have always been close ties between the Olympics and Paralympics, in 2001 an agreement between IOC and International Paralympics Committee (IPC) ensured that from 2012 onwards the city chosen to host the Olympic Games would be obliged to host the Paralympics.
The IPC has established ten disability categories, including physical, visual, and intellectual impairment which apply to both Summer and Winter Paralympics. Athletes with one of these disabilities can compete in the Paralympics though not every sport can allow for every disability category.
The summer and winter Paralympic Games have been held at the following locations:
Summer & Winter Sports
The summer and winter sports are: IPC Aline Skiing, IPC Biathlon, IPC Cross Country, IPC Swimming, IPC Athletics, IPC Power Lifting, IPC Shooting, IPC Ice Sledge Hockey, IPC Wheelchair Dance Sport, Archery, Boccia, Canoe, Cycling, Equestrian, Football 5 a side, Football 7 a side, Goalball, Judo, Rowing, Sailing, Sitting Volleyball, Table Tennis, Triathlon, Wheelchair Basketball, Wheelchair Curling, Wheelchair Fencing, Wheelchair Rugby and Wheelchair Tennis.
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