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# Lateral Change of Direction Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but, in the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

### Objective

To monitor the development of the athlete's speed with directional change.

### Required Resources

To undertake this test, you will require

• Flat non-slip surface
• Three cones
• Stopwatch
• Assistant

### How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to run and touch a series of cones as fast as possible.

• The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
• The assistant places three cones 5 metres apart on a straight line
• The athlete stands by the middle cone (B) facing the assistant
• The assistant gives the command “GO” and points in a starting direction, right or left, and starts the stopwatch
• The athlete moves to and touches the first cone, returns past the middle cone to the far cone and touches it and then returns to and touches the middle cone
• The assistant stops the stopwatch when the athlete touches the middle cone and records the time
• The test is conducted four times - two in each starting direction (left & right)
• The fastest time in each direction is used for accessing the athlete‘s performance

### Assessment

For an evaluation of the athlete's performance select the gender, enter the total time and then select the 'Calculate' button.

 Gender Female Male Time seconds Assessment

Calculations are based on the normative data table

The athlete's speed for this test was:

 feet/sec mph m/sec Km/hr

#### Normative data for the lateral change of direction test

The following data has been obtained from the results of tests conducted with world class athletes (Chu 1996)[1].

 % Rank Females Males 91-100 3.22 - 3.37 secs 2.90 - 3.05 secs 81 - 90 3.38 - 3.53 secs 3.06 - 3.21 secs 71 - 80 3.54 - 3.69 secs 3.22 - 3.37 secs 61 - 70 3.70 - 3.85 secs 3.38 - 3.53 secs 51 - 60 3.86 - 4.01 secs 3.54 - 3.69 secs 41 - 50 4.02 - 4.17 secs 3.70 - 3.85 secs 31 - 40 4.18 - 4.33 secs 3.86 - 4.01 secs 21 - 30 4.34 - 4.49 secs 4.02 - 4.17 secs 11 - 20 4.50 - 4.65 secs 4.18 - 4.33 secs 1 - 10 4.66 - 4.81 secs 4.34 - 4.49 secs

### Analysis

Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's agility and speed.

### Target Group

This test is suitable for active athletes but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.

### Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

### Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

### Advantages

• Minimal equipment required
• Simple to set up and conduct
• The test can be administered by the athlete
• Can be conducted almost anywhere

### Disadvantages

• Assistant required to administer the test

### References

1. CHU, A. (1996) Assessment. In: CHU, A. (1996) Explosive Power and Strength. New Zealand: Human Kinetics. p.178

### Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

• MACKENZIE, B. (2000) Lateral Change of Direction Test [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/latchang.htm [Accessed

### Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: