Kosmin Test
Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information
upon which subsequent performance evaluations and
decisions are made. In the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.
Objectives
The Kosmin Test, devised in the USSR, predicts an athlete's
800 metres or 1500 metres time.
Required Resources
To conduct this test, you will require:
- 400-metre track
- Stopwatch
- Assistant
How to conduct the test
This test requires the athlete to complete a series of one-minute runs at maximum speed.
800m Test
- The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
- The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
- The athlete runs as fast as possible for one-minute
- The assistant marks the point where the athlete reached after one minute and records the total distance run
- The athlete has a three-minute recovery
- The athlete starts from where they finished the last one-minute run (cone marks the point)
- The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
- The athlete runs as fast as possible for one-minute
- The assistant marks the point where the athlete reached after one minute and records the total distance run
- The assistant uses this final total distance to assess the athlete's performance
1500m Test
- The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
- The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
- The athlete runs as fast as possible for one-minute
- The assistant marks the point where the athlete reached after one minute and records the total distance run
- The athlete has a three-minute recovery
- The athlete starts from where they finished the last one-minute run (cone marks the point)
- The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
- The athlete runs as fast as possible for one-minute
- The assistant marks the point where the athlete reached after one minute and records the total distance run
- The athlete has a two-minute recovery
- The athlete starts from where they finished the last one-minute run (cone marks the point)
- The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
- The athlete runs as fast as possible for one-minute
- The assistant marks the point where the athlete reached after one minute and records the total distance run
- The athlete has a one-minute recovery
- The athlete starts from where they finished the last one minute run (cone marks the point)
- The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
- The athlete runs as fast as possible for one-minute
- The assistant marks the point where the athlete reached after one minute and records the total distance run
- The assistant uses this final total distance to assess the athlete's performance
Kosmin Tables
Due to their size, the Kosmin tables have not been included here.
However, the athlete's potential 800 metres or 1500 metres time can be predicted
using the Total Distance covered in the following appropriate equation.
Gender |
Distance |
Equation |
Male |
800 metres |
Time=217.77778 - (Total Distance x 0.119556) |
Female |
800 metres |
Time=1451.46 - (198.54 x Log (Total
Distance)) |
Male |
1500 metres |
Time=500.52609 - (Total Distance x 0.162174) |
Female |
1500 metres |
Time=(500.52609 - (Total Distance x 0.162174)) +
10 |
Analysis
Analysis of the test result compares with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's 800m and 1500m predicted times.
Target Group
This test is suitable for middle distance athletes but not for
individuals where the test would be contraindicated.
Reliability
Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors that may influence the results and therefore, the test reliability.
The equations can be used for male and female athletes, but they tend to overpredict female athletes. The online calculators here have
considered adjustments for female athletes.
Validity
Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor training on the athlete's physical development.
Advantages
- Minimal equipment required
- Simple to set up and conduct
- The athlete can administer the test
Disadvantages
- Specific facilities required
- Assistant required to administer the test
Free Calculator
Page Reference
If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:
- MACKENZIE, B. (1997) Kosmin Test [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/kosmin.htm [Accessed