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Klatt Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

Objective

The objective of the Klatt tests (1988) is to assess an athlete's balance, stability and jumping as a prerequisite to undertaking a program of plyometrics.

Required Resources

To undertake this test you will require:

  • Gym
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

Balance and Stability

These tests are performed in bare feet (shoes and socks off).

  • Stand erect on one foot

  • Lift the free leg so the thigh is parallel with the ground and the lower leg hangs straight with the toes pulled up (dorsi flexed)

  • Hold this position for 10 seconds and observe any deviation or shaking

  • Repeat with the other leg
Hip Flex

  • Perform a single leg squat with bends at the hip, knee and ankle

  • Hold at the lowest point for 10 seconds

  • Observe the squat depth and any deviation or shaking to compare with the other leg

  • Repeat the single leg squat with the other leg

  • Results for each leg should be similar
Squat

Jump Tests

These tests should be performed wearing trainers.

  • Bunny hop for 20 metres and hold the final hop in the down position for 10 seconds

  • Observe the squat depth and any deviation or shaking to compare with the other leg

  • Record the number of hops (X)
Bunny Hops

  • Perform a single leg hop for (X) hops

  • Observe hip stability on landing of each hop

  • Record the distance

  • Hold the last hop in the down position for 10 seconds

  • Observe the squat depth and any deviation or shaking to compare with the other leg

  • Repeat with the other leg
Hop

Analysis

Distances achieved with the bunny hop and the two single leg hops should be similar, squat depth similar and held for 10 seconds with minimal deviation and shaking.

On the single leg hops it is important the the hips remain stable on landing - if not then single leg plyometric work should be avoided until hip stability can be maintained.

Target Group

This test is suitable for pubescent male and female athletes.

Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

Advantages

  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct

Disadvantages

  • Specific facilities required
  • Assistant required to administer the test


Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2004) Klatt Tests [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/lastest.htm [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: