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Grip Strength Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made. In the analysis, we need to consider the factors influencing the results.


To monitor the development of the athlete's grip strength.

Required Resources

To conduct this test, you will require:

  • Dynamometer
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

  • The athlete using their dominant hand, applies as much grip pressure as possible on the dynamometer
  • The assistant records the maximum reading (kg)
  • The athlete repeats the test 3 times
  • The assistant uses the highest recorded value to assess the athlete's performance


Clerke (2005)[2] conducted a study which examined the impact of the shape of the hand (as relatively long, average, or square-shaped) on maximal voluntary isometric grip strength in a group of healthy male and female teenagers aged 13 to 17 years.

The following are national norms for this test for 16 to 19-year olds. (Davis 2000)[1].

Gender Excellent Good Average Fair Poor
Male >56 51-56 45-50 39-44 <39
Female >36 31-36 25-30 19-24 <19

To evaluate the athlete's performance, select the gender, enter the maximum reading and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Gender   Maximum reading kg     Assessment

Calculations are based on the above normative data table (Davis 2000)[1]


The test result is analysed by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's grip strength with appropriate training between each test.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring its intended measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors influencing the results and test reliability.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor training on the athlete's physical development.


  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Specialist equipment required
  • Assistant required to administer the test


  1. DAVIS, B. et al. (2000) Physical fitness and fitness testing, In DAVIS, B. et al. Physical Education and the study of sport. 4th ed. London: Harcourt Publishers p. 123
  2. CLERKE, A. (2005) Effects of hand shape on maximal isometric grip strength in teenagers. Journal of Hand Therapy, 18 (1), p. 19-29.

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2002) Grip Strength Test [WWW] Available from: [Accessed