The Power Clean
Patrick Beith explains how to perform the power clean
We consider the weight room to be one of the most important factors in speed (and overall athletic) development. Technical issues aside, you cannot get faster if you do not get stronger. The problem with most strength training programs is that they focus too much on hypertrophy work (getting big). Uninformed athletes go into the weight room with the idea that the bigger they get, the better they will perform.
I do not know many athletes that want to be bodybuilders since they cannot move very well with that bulk. Size may matter at the beach, but not necessarily on the playing field. That is why we focus on power in the weight room. Weight training is supposed to be a supplement to our overall speed training. Since speed and power go hand in hand when in the weight room we must focus on the same elements of training that will help us to be faster on the field or the track.
One of the biggest differences between lifting for sport and lifting for recreation (which is actually what most young athletes do) is the change in intensity (effort), sets and reps. Our repetitions for power never exceed 6 (1-6 reps) for our core lifts and our intensity will rarely drop below 80% (80-100%).
Additionally, due to the extreme neuromuscular demand that high-intensity training requires, rest will be a lot longer since we are looking for efficiency and we need to be fully recovered.
Again, it is extremely important that athletes perform the lifts correctly. This means teaching lifts through a progression designed to implement proper form. Doing the lifts incorrectly, which is the case with the vast majority of young athletes, reduces the effect of the lift and creates a much higher likelihood of injury.
In this article, I will be explaining how to perform one of the absolute, most effective lifts that every high-level athlete regularly uses in their training program: The Power Clean. This exercise is fundamental to creating explosive power. It is also an exercise that many athletes do incorrectly so, when performing or teaching this exercise, if athletes are not performing all the actions as they are described, then need to back off and follow the progression that we detail in High Powered Training.
Remember, if you do not feel comfortable with the clean, do not use it. Like everything else, we teach safety first.
Cues for the Power Clean
Once your athletes can seamlessly blend all of these movements together, they will execute a perfect clean.
Remember, this exercise must be learned using light weights. Even if you have athletes who have learned it previous, if they do not perform the lift the way it was described here, they are doing it wrong.
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About the Author
Patrick Beth is a co-owner of Athletes' Acceleration, Inc, a company devoted to performance enhancement whose mission is to improve the knowledge base of motivated coaches and athletes in order to improve athletic performance. He is a Performance Consultant certified by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (CSCS), the American Council of Sports Medicine (HFI), the National Academy of Sports Medicine (PES) and is a USA Track and Field Level II Coach in the Sprints, Hurdles and Jumps.
The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: