Sports Coach Logo Sports Coach Training Principles Fitness Components



text Translator



site search facility





Nutrition Tips

Brian Mackenzie provides some nutritional advice on what and what not to eat.

Skipping meals or reducing your calorie intake does not help control weight in the long term. It is essential to eat at regular intervals, ideally every 3-5 hours, as this helps to keep blood sugar levels stable.

Most of us do not drink enough water. Symptoms of dehydration include dizziness, lack of concentration, irritability, and headaches. Aim to drink 6-8 glasses of water a day, and you will stay well hydrated.

Your mother was precisely right when she forced you to eat up your greens. We should be eating five servings of fruit and vegetables a day for general health. To allow your vegetables to retain as much goodness as possible, put them into a pot of boiling water and cook them quickly.

Beware the hidden fat foods, which are typically those tasty party foods quiche, sausages, pork pie, salami, and dips are some examples. Of course, biscuits, cakes, and desserts should also be kept to a minimum and only eaten as a special treat. When you buy yoghurt go for low 'live bio' versions. These help to restore the good bacteria that aid digestion.

Bread, potatoes, and pasta are all carbohydrate foods that have received bad press in the past. These foods do not make you fat on their own. However, if you have a big cheese sandwich, a knob of butter on your potato (or have chips), or make a creamy sauce for the pasta, you will increase the amount of fat you are eating.

Alcohol taken in moderation can be beneficial to health. Still, if you are watching your weight, it is relevant to know that the calories from alcohol cannot be used as fuel for exercise, nor do they provide any vitamins, minerals, or fibre.

The butter versus margarine debate continues to rage. The best advice is not to eat a lot of either, but to eat a little of both. The best oil for cooking is Extra Virgin Olive Oil. It is not the cheapest, but a little goes a long way.

Dairy products are a high source of fat and cholesterol, BUT they do provide us with other beneficial nutrients. The best approach is to buy "low fat" versions of milk, cheese, yoghurt, etc. as they will give you all the nutrients without the fat element.

It is not necessary to cut meat out of your diet. Instead, buy the leaner cuts and trim off any fat. It is also recommended to eat oily fish (tuna, mackerel, herrings) at least three times a week as they contain the beneficial Omega 3 oil.

Finally, whoever said "a little of what you fancy does you good" was probably right - exercise moderation in all things and you cannot go too far wrong. It is not what you eat between Christmas and New year that makes the difference but instead what you eat between New Year and Christmas.

Happy Eating.

Article Reference

This article first appeared in:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2003) Nutritional Tips. Brian Mackenzie's Successful Coaching, (ISSN 1745-7513/ 2 / June), p. 6

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2003) Nutritional Tips [WWW] Available from: [Accessed

About the Author

Brian Mackenzie is a British Athletics level 4 performance coach and a coach tutor/assessor. He has been coaching sprint, middle distance, and combined event athletes for the past 30+ years and has 45+ years of experience as an endurance athlete.