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Ergogenic Aids

Get a grip - relevancy for your sport

Danny M O'Dell gives tips on this often neglected area of strength training.

Imagine if you will the following scenario:

  • You have carefully prepared your athlete for the major competition
  • He is stronger now than ever before
  • He is about to pull a personal best in the final dead lift of his group
  • The bar comes off the floor and you know in your heart of hearts that it will fly up to the top…but suddenly it drops out of his hands

What happened? How can he be so strong yet not be able to finish the lift. Well it may have to do with his grip strength, or lack thereof. Obviously if he can pull, but not hold onto the bar then there is an identified problem that needs correcting. Many sports require above average hand strength. How well your athlete is able to control the torque of the tennis racket as a ball hits the strings, throw the hammer, and handle the oars in rowing or the hold onto the shaft of the pole vault all depend on your athlete's ability to provide adequate power in maintaining their grip in a superior manner.

The following article illustrates a slick device for increasing your hand strength; it is then followed by a list of different grip exercises. It will be left up to you as a coach to incorporate these movements into your athlete's developmental program.

Grip strengthening exercises

The accompanying photographs (Fig 1-3) show a great device for developing your grip. Each piece of PVC tubing fits into the next larger one. The diameter of the handle can be made larger or smaller depending upon the level of difficulty desired. Naturally, the smaller the handle the easier will be the task of holding onto the resistance. Once the handle becomes over three inches in diameter, the ability to grip and lift becomes problematic. Slowly adapt your strength with each successively larger diameter handle.

Grip Strength Device
Fig 1
Grip Strength Device
Fig 2
Grip Strength Device
Fig 3

Not only are these handles useful for simple lifting exercises but they can also be adapted to the pulley, band or elastic modes of resistance training as depicted in fig 4 and 5. In addition, the larger sized handles make chin up and pull up exercises much more difficult to accomplish.

Grip Strength Device
Fig 4
Grip Strength Device
Fig 5

Additional ideas to develop your grip strength

Newspaper Crunching

  • Start with one full newspaper sheet and crunch it up into a ball with one hand
  • Progress to more and more sheets of newspaper and make each of the increased layers into the smallest ball possible

Rubber ball squeezes

  • Begin with a small toy ball or squash ball
  • Squeeze the ball for twenty five repetitions three times
  • Use a tennis ball for the same progression as above

Rubber band stretches

  • Place a rubber band around the finger nails of one hand, spread the fingers apart, hold the stretch, relax and repeat. Increase the number of bands as your strength develops

Additional exercises

  • Bar hangs for time
  • Weight added bar hangs
  • Paper book rips
  • Towel twists
  • Medicine ball squeezes with both hands
  • Weighted bag holds for time or distance
  • Weighted bag holds while vertical jumping and maintaining the grip

Exercises with a Thors Hammer

The Thors hammer is an adjustable dumbbell with plates added to one end only. Sledge hammers can be used in place of the dumbbell but minor adjustments of weight are easier if the dumbbell is used. Begin holding the bar near the weight until you build up the strength to use the lever of the full handle.

  • Hold the non-plated loaded end as you would a hammer or in a handshake or neutral grip position at the sides of your legs. The dumbbell plates will be facing forward with the bar horizontal to the ground
  • Move the bar/weight down and up using only wrist action
  • The next movement is with the plates to the rear, again the motion down and up using only wrist action.

Begin the development of your grip strength by working on your endurance first then go to a strength based program that employs heavy weights coupled with low reps.


Article Reference

This article first appeared in:

  • O'DELL, D. (2004) Get a grip - relevancy for your sport. Brian Mackenzie's Successful Coaching, (ISSN 1745-7513/ 12 / May), p. 8

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work then the reference for this page is:

  • O'DELL, D. (2004) Get a grip - relevancy for your sport [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/articles/scni12a6.htm [Accessed

About the Author

Danny O`Dell is a NSCA Certified Strength and Conditioning coach from the USA. He is the author of a number of training manuals including: The Ultimate Bench Press Manual, Wilderness Basics, Strength training Secrets, Composite training and Power up your Driving Muscles. Danny has published articles in national and international magazines describing the benefits of living the healthy fitness lifestyle.

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