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Personal Injury Damages

Mr. Vivek Baghel provides advice on the types of personal injury damages.

Besides bodily injuries, a personal injury case covers property damages along with other losses. The plaintiff can look for compensation from the at-fault contributor, who is responsible for their losses. Such compensations are legally categorized as "damages".

Damages associated with personal injury claims are categorized into compensatory and punitive. In the former, the injured party can make claims for the damages they suffered including medical malpractice, auto accident, and slip & fall. Even the wrong full death case can get paid under compensatory damages. However, the damages or injuries in such cases are unique.

Alternatively, punitive damage is not associated with any kind of injury but is a punishment to the wrongdoer based on their despicable behavior. A plaintiff or injured person can directly seek compensatory and punitive damages. El Dabe Law Firm has the best injury attorneys, in Huntington Beach. The insurance company can deny, delay, and even exclude your expenses, but with a competent personal injury lawyer, you can get your claim recognized, negotiated, and completed successfully.

Compensatory damages types

Special damages recompense for the financial expenses incurred because of the injury. The injury differs from one person to another, and thus you can call it special damages. The compensation covers injury-related loss or expense. The types of special damage types are as follows.

  • Loss of income - It can be permanent or temporary due to physical injuries or trauma caused to you
  • Future earning loss - Loss of job due to certain kinds of disabilities
  • Medical expense - Medical bills due to hospitalization or out-patient treatment
  • Future medical care cost - In case of permanent disabilities, the claimant may require medical care on a regular or daily basis
  • Household expenses - It includes everything that you pay for to keep your house up and running
  • Altered plans or canceled trips costs - Cost of the trip that you might have already planned and booked the ticket or hotel

General compensatory damages

These are non-financial damages faced during the injury claim process. All personal injury sufferers experience some general damages sustained during an injury.

  • Mental anguish
  • Pain & suffering
  • Companionship loss

Wrongful death damages

In a wrongful death claim, the surviving loved ones or the family gets financial provisions.

  • Funeral and burial expenses
  • Surviving a loved one's emotional distress
  • Pre-death medical treatment expenses
  • Financial contribution loss
  • Support and services loss
  • Companionship loss

Punitive damages

When the defendant behaves reprehensibly or despicably, the injured plaintiff is granted punitive damages. For example, a defendant is guilty of fraud or malicious act. Despicable behavior includes sexual assault or aggravated fights or fraudulent actions that cause monetary losses.

In high-profile injury claims, where health risks prescription drugs, or defective products are involved, the court orders punitive damages against a defendant and product manufacturers.

Caps on damages

It is crucial to understand the distinctiveness among economic and non-economic damages because some states legally include a ‘damages cap’ in their tort reform efforts. The caps can limit the non-economic damages in specific case types. For example, in California non-economic damages are limited in the cases involving medical malpractice.

Collecting damages

The victim is entitled to get recompensed in personal injury claims as soon as the settlement is finalized in the court after a judgment. However, damages awarded and actual money collection need to be sorted out clearly. The defendant who is ordered to pay specific damage will not be willing to pay the entire amount. The defendant may say he/she does not have the specific amount to cover the damages caused.

Nevertheless, the plaintiff’s attorney helps in the collection process. They expose the defendant’s undisclosed assets and place a lien on that property. This will ensure that the accused pays the ordered amount to the claimant.

The attorney makes sure that the defendant pays in full. If he or she fails to pay the ordered amount, they will need to recompense for the interest accrued on the damages. If a defendant has binding liability cover, then the insurance provider will pay the valid damage award up to liability limits. Thus, the claimant must hire a reputed personal injury lawyer.

These highly qualified and experienced attorneys make sure that you get what you deserve no matter how difficult the defendant is. They can also arrange an out-of-court settlement for you. They have the right skills to negotiate with the defendant and get you the amount that covers all your damages. Lastly, it is always better to have a personal injury attorney's number in your contact list, instead of last-minute research.

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • BAGHE, V. (2021) Personal Injury Damages [WWW] Available from: [Accessed

About the Author

Vivek Baghe is a Freelance Journalist and Blogger.