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Pedagogical Approach to Sport Education

Nika Haper looks at the methods and activities of teaching used in physical education.

Sports Education is proposed as an instructional model addressing complications relating to traditional answers to teaching physical education.

Scandinavian Model of Sports Education as the Most Popular and Relevant

Considering Annerstedt (2008)[1], there is a Scandinavian conception of physical education that is regarded as the inclusion of numerous different sports activities, and learners are taught by choosing from many sports. By participating in these multi-activity strategies, college students are expected to study. Although physical education is a widespread school subject, communications submitted in the Internet forums mainly described the negative side of physical education classes. Given these problems, Metzler (2011)[2] emphasizes that the teaching of physical education has to be much more than the multi-vector training aimed at the teacher. The idea of "physical education-as-sport-techniques" is also considered, where the process consists of methods of learning and teaching. This multi-activity method, trained by physical education-as-sport-techniques, certainly disagrees with the modern style of life. Also, it is stressed that there is a general disliking with the multitasking concept because of the excessive emphasis on direct teaching in which segregated skills and exercises are practiced. Ward (2013)[3] also argued that neither the teacher nor their students at the university could develop an understanding of the content if the training options have limited time, as may be in a multi-disciplinary curriculum.

Traditional physical education, where the instructor takes all decisions, may lead to some college students having unfavourable collisions, which will lead to disagreement with reform. As in other European countries and other countries, different ball games are the most frequent areas of content in physical education in Finland and Sweden, which means that students play games in a more or less competitive context.

The emphasis on games is not problem-free. Co-operation is usually considered by teachers as the main component in different games and exercises with the desire to stimulate co-operation. Still, it is often overlooked by playing team sports activities. Also, there is a necessity to popularize student-oriented learning styles in Finnish education, while was found out that Finnish teachers of physical education used teachers rather than a student-centred learning style with the most common directive styles. Also, the national summary of physical education in Sweden appears in a large number of physical education students do not have the opportunity to influence and take responsibility. Also, university students condemned teachers for not listening at all and not offering them more self-determination or using learner-centred strategies. The changed national curriculum will be introduced in Finland at the beginning of the 2016-17 school year. Despite Finnish education already has a well-known children's and liberatory form of education, one of the main objectives of the latest curriculum is to promote the independence of students providing responsibility through their specific training, with particular attention to learning and students going for a dynamic role.

Currently, the attention in physical education is the acquisition of the right to self-determination and independence, along with social and interactive features. In particular, in physical education, students must become active members and have the opportunity to co-operate with each other. This innovation in emphasis is one of the reasons teachers need to look for new methods and decisions in teaching physical education. At the same time, it is concluded that there is a fundamental necessity to study the influence of the Finnish University in the field of physical education (applications, curricula, teaching options or teaching styles) on the cognitive, social, and psychomotor student's growth.

Sports Education as a curriculum model

Sports education is usually offered as a learning model that addresses the difficulties associated with traditional answers to physical education teaching. Sports education consists of democratic and constructivist pedagogy components, requiring significantly small group training and features of the empowerment of students, decision-making, and responsibility. Although the seasons of Sports Education were created differently in some settings, there are five main elements in Sports Education. These include:

  1. an extended timeframe in which the units occurs
  2. that students follow a single command for the entire unit
  3. use of appropriate competition
  4. that students, also, being players perform different roles and responsibilities and
  5. that the full experience occurs in an atmosphere of well-being.

Four complete reviews of the literature have shown the success of the model of Sports Education in a variety of conditions. Students evaluate sports education as an even more attractive form of physical education than their previous meetings with instructors aimed at training programs because of the reality with which they are faced with mastering the curriculum.

University students improve their skills, tactical, and gaming knowledge and confirm reports of considerable enthusiasm. Along with positive results related to students, teachers who include Sports Education consider the model attractive because of the increased participation of students and a positive impact on their effectiveness. Despite widespread curiosity from teachers and professionals since the early 1980s, Sports Education continues to be a "new" idea in physical education configurations. It deals with some basic assumptions about structure and graphics and the role of teachers. Teachers are working in the school study new curricula models in the field of physical education, primarily through training in support of professional development. Although among the teachers who tried to create an entirely new model, changes in attitude, positive emotion, efficiency, and enthusiasm were noted, implementing a completely new model is not easy and effective.

When teachers introduce a new model into their education, their education process becomes gradual and complicated. First and foremost, a change in the increase in the competence of teachers and the expansion of student learning requires additional work. A one-day course for teachers without any follow-up measures and support showed no difference in how teachers are subsequently taught. Nevertheless, the social personality of professional advancement can have some positive impact. Teachers can also adhere to the training model more closely if they have administrative support from the school and the district and resources and opportunities for this. Truly central is that teachers can establish links with personal meetings through the training process, so they must see evidence transformation before buying into the exact change. Since the program of action, the need for active learning, to be sure of the dignity of pure concepts by using them with their practice, helped the teachers make changes. Several researchers in a physically educated context have used localized learning as a theory to explain learning in general or in terms of a model based on learning. The established learning structure was also used to describe the fact that teacher training is part of participating in social practice in schools.


  1. ANNERSTEDT, C. (2008). Physical education in Scandinavia with a focus on Sweden: a comparative perspective. Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy, 13(4), p. 303-318.
  2. METZLER, M. (2011). Instructional models for physical education (3rd ed.). Scottsdale, Arizona: Halcomb Hathaway.
  3. WARD. P. (2013). The role of content knowledge in conceptions of teaching effectiveness in physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(4), p. 431-440

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About the Author

Nika Harper is a freelancer who graduated from the University of West London. A dedicated psychology teacher who believes that every student must understand the importance of psychology in their everyday lives. Well-acquainted with the requirements of teaching and coaching in handling a class of students. Also, she is a qualified and certified specialist in personal coaching and home tuition.