Exercise helps with Withdraw
Paul Aitken explains the positive effects of exercise for the recovering addict.
It is no secret you can get a rush from exercise. In fact, there are people who are legitimately addicted to the adrenaline rush they feel when participating in extreme sports or other physical activity.
So, it would stand to reason that exercise can help with withdrawal, right? Correct! Studies have shown that exercise can not only help to reduce the effects of withdrawal from opiates and other substances but can also lessen the instance of relapse.
Exercise has many positive effects on the recovering addict. It is frequently prescribed as a part of a holistic approach to addiction recovery and there are quite a few reasons why.
Exercise is a Distraction
If you see no other benefit from exercise during recovery, you will at the very least find it to be a positive distraction. In fact, many inpatient and outpatient clinics recommend exercise to patients in recovery.
The premise is simple. When a person, who suffers from addiction, feels the need to reach for that bottle or that pill, they must find a way to divert their attention. Many counsellors recommend a patient "do something with his hands," like paint or piece together a puzzle. But exercise is very commonly recommended as well.
Exercise, in most cases, will physically remove the person from the trigger, if there is one. It will allow the person to focus on something else which makes their body "feel." And, aside from that, it is a good habit.
Apart from exercise, though, there are many other reasons why professionals recommend exercise to help with withdrawal.
Exercise Alters Your Brain
Most drugs and addictive substances have one thing in common: they alter your brain's chemistry. We will not spend too much time talking about receptors and the technical stuff here. What you really need to know is that drugs usually release endorphins.
Endorphins are "feel good" chemicals in your brain. And no matter how sore your legs may feel after a good run; those endorphins are released during exercise as well.
It is important to note that regular physical activity is imperative during the recovery phase. When a person abuses a substance, they can semi-permanently cause an imbalance in the way their brain receives hormones. Regular participation in physical activity will slowly bring the body's chemical balance back to normal.
Exercise, Meditation and Withdrawal
A recent UCLA study showed that meditation may decrease the instance of relapse of those who are recovering from meth and cocaine addiction. Stimulants, as the name implies, are "uppers." They carry with them a host of side effects, including:
As a result, cocaine and meth withdrawal symptoms include increased agitation, depression, anxiety, lack of sleep and even suicidal tendencies. That is where meditation comes in.
Meditation and mindfulness strategies are frequently used in the recovery of those struggling with addiction to stimulants. These exercises allow the user to manage cravings and learn other ways of coping with these stresses, naturally.
Exercise is one such meditation strategy. While physical activity like weight lifting can be helpful, most practitioners prescribe exercises such as yoga or running. These exercises place the user in a state of mind where they are focused on breathing and "feeling the moment." The result? A coping strategy which has positive long-term effects.
Exercise and Long-Term Effects
Speaking of long-term effects, it is not just the meditative aspect of exercise which helps those in withdrawal. As it turns out, the feeling of accomplishment goes a long way, too.
Exercise is effective in helping with withdrawal because it boosts self-confidence. In the beginning, just a simple run around the block may encourage a sense of pride. Later, as the physical appearance begins to change, a strong sense of self-worth begins to evolve. Finally, the recovering addict will begin to realize that they have found a positive outlet to reach for instead of an addictive substance.
Physical Effects of Exercise on Recovering Addicts
Of course, you know that there are countless benefits of exercise to the body. Improved appearance just touches the surface of those benefits. And while the rise in self-confidence is certainly helpful to those recovering from addiction, it is by no means the only way exercise will benefit them.
First of all, exercise will reduce the risk of chronic disease. Drug and alcohol abuse can take a serious toll on the circulatory and respiratory systems as well as the liver, kidneys and other organs. Implementing an exercise routine can lower blood pressure, reduce insulin sensitivity and lower the risk of heart disease.
Exercise will also increase the blood flow to the brain. As oxygenated blood flows to the brain. Brain health and memory will improve. The hormone receptors in the brain will also heal, causing the chemical balance to return to normal.
Other side effects of addiction can be partially remedied by exercise. Skin which looked sallow and unhealthy can improve in health. Muscle mass which was lost can be regained. Bone health can be improved. And the metabolism can return to normal.
Implementing Exercise into a Recovery Program
Addictive behaviours can have negative long-term effects on the body. As a result of addiction, the heart, lungs and other organs may suffer. In some cases, that deterioration is irreversible.
It is with that in mind that any person who wishes to begin a recovery program which incorporates exercise should speak with a qualified healthcare professional. The most obvious risk of recovering addicts is a weakened heart and the risk of heart attack.
Less obvious, however, is the risk of developing an addiction – to exercise. Studies have shown that some recovering addicts have turned to exercise as a replacement "drug," a way to fill the void which drugs formerly filled.
When overseen by a qualified professional, exercise can be an extremely helpful tool for addiction recovery and withdrawal. However, it is not a cure. Exercise should be just one part of a comprehensive strategy to overcoming addiction.
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About the Author
Paul Aitken is a freelance writer and the author of The Online Writer's Companion. He writes under several different pseudonyms and his work has featured on many of the web's biggest sites, including many major print publications in the UK and US.
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