
MultiStage Fitness TestTesting and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results. ObjectiveThe objective of the MultiStage Fitness Test (MSFT), developed by Leger & Lambert (1982)^{[1]}, is to monitor the development of the athlete's maximum oxygen uptake (VO_{2 }max). This test is very good for games players as it is specific to the nature of the sport but, due to the short sharp turns, it is perhaps not suitable for rowers, runners or cyclists.
Required ResourcesTo undertake this test you will require:
How to conduct the testThis test requires the athlete to run 20m in time with a beep from a CD recording. The athlete must place one foot on or beyond the 20m marker at the end of each shuttle.
For an analysis of your VO_{2 }max score see the VO_{2 }max normative data tables. Normative data for MSFTThe following tables are adapted from Bizley et all (2010)^{[3]} Male
Female
NotesThe test is made up of 23 levels where each level lasts approximately one minute. Each level comprises of a series of 20m shuttle runs where the starting speed is 8.5km/hr and increases by 0.5km/hr at each level. On the tape/CD a single beep indicates the end of a shuttle and 3 beeps indicates the start of the next level.
TimeKnowing that the starting speed is 8.5km/hr and increases by 0.5km/hr at each level then the time for each 20 metre section, at each level, can be estimated from the following equation:
e.g. the time for 20m at level 11 is 5.33 seconds. ShuttlesKnowing that the starting speed is 8.5km/hr and increases by 0.5km/hr at each level and the duration of each level is approximately one minute then the number of shuttles at each level, can be estimated from the following equation:
The result is rounded up to the nearest whole number e.g. the number of shuttles at level 17 is 13.82 which is rounded up to 14 shuttles. AnalysisAnalysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's VO_{2 }max. Target GroupThis test is suitable for endurance athletes and players of endurance sports (e.g. football, rugby) but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated. ReliabilityTest reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability. ValidityTest validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development. There are published VO_{2 }max score equivalents for each level reached and the correlation to actual VO_{2 }max is high. For an assessment of your VO_{2 }max see the VO_{2 }max normative data tables. Advantages
Disadvantages
References
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