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Standing Long Jump Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

Objective

To monitor the development of the athlete's elastic leg strength.

Required Resources

To undertake this test you will require:

  • Long Jump pit
  • 30 metre tape measure
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The athlete places their feet over the edge of the sandpit, crouches down and using the arms and legs jumps horizontally as far as possible landing with both feet into the sandpit
  • The assistant measures and records the distance from the edge of the sandpit to the nearest impression made by the athlete in the sand pit
  • The athlete repeats the test 3 times
  • The assistant uses the longest recorded distance to assess the athlete's athlete's leg strength

Assessment

For an evaluation of the athlete's performance select the gender, enter the distance and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Gender Distance metres
 
Assessment -

Calculations are based on the normative data table (Chu 1996)[1]

Normative data for the Standing Long Jump Test

The following data has been obtained from the results of tests conducted with world class athletes (Chu 1996)[1].

% Rank Females Males
91-100 2.94 - 3.15 metres 3.40 - 3.75 metres
81 - 90 2.80 - 2.93 metres 3.10 - 3.39 metres
71 - 80 2.65 - 2.79 metres 2.95 - 3.09 metres
61 - 70 2.50 - 2.64 metres 2.80 - 2.94 metres
51 - 60 2.35 - 2.49 metres 2.65 - 2.79 metres
41 - 50 2.20 - 2.34 metres 2.50 - 2.64 metres
31 - 40 2.05 - 2.19 metres 2.35 - 2.49 metres
21 - 30 1.90 - 2.04 metres 2.20 - 2.34 metres
11 - 20 1.75 - 1.89 metres 2.05 - 2.19 metres
1 - 10 1.60 - 1.74 metres 1.90 - 2.04 metres

The following table is for male athletes (adapted from: Hede et al. 2011)[2]:

Age Excellent Above average Average Below average Poor
14 > 2.11m 2.11 - 1.96m 1.95 - 1.85m 1.84 - 1.68m <1.68m
15 >2.26m 1.26 - 2.11m 2.10 - 1.98m 1.97 - 1.85m <1.85m
16 >2.36m 2.36 - 2.21m 2.20 - 2.11m 2.10 - 1.98m <1.98m
>16 >2.44m 2.44 - 2.29m 2.28 - 2.16m 2.15 - 1.98m <1.98m

The following table is for female athletes (adapted from: Hede et al. 2011)[2]:

Age Excellent Above average Average Below average Poor
14 >1.91m 1.91 - 1.73m 1.72 - 1.60m 1.59 - 1.47m <1.47m
15 >1.85m 1.84 - 1.73m 1.72 - 1.60m 1.59 - 1.50m <1.50m
16 >1.83m 1.83 - 1.68m 1.67 - 1.58m 1.57 - 1.45m <1.45m
>16 >1.91m 1.91 - 1.78m 1.77 - 1.63m 1.62 - 1.50m <1.50m

The world record for the standing long jump is currently held by Arne Tvervaag (Norwegian) who, in 1968, jumped 3.71 meters.

Analysis

Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's leg strength.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.

Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

Advantages

  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • The test can be administered by the athlete

Disadvantages

  • Specific facilities required - long jump pit
  • Assistant required to administer the test


References

  1. CHU, D.A. (1996) Explosive Power and Strength. Champaign: Human Kinetics. p. 171
  2. HEDE, C et al. (2011) PE Senior Physical Education for Queensland. UK: Oxford University Press. p. 178-179

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • CHUNG, L. M. Y. et al. (2013) Normative reference of standing long jump indicates gender difference in lower muscular strength of pubertal growth. Health, 5, 6
  • CASTRO-PINERO, J. et al (2010). Assessing muscular strength in youth: usefulness of standing long jump as a general index of muscular fitness. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24 (7), p. 1810-1817
  • WU, W. F. et al. (2012) Effect of attentional focus strategies on peak force and performance in the standing long jump. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26 (5), p. 1226-1231

Page Reference

The reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2000) Standing Long Jump Test [WWW] Available from: http://www.brianmac.co.uk/stndjump.htm [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: