POMS is a standard validated psychological test formulated by McNair et al. (1971). The
questionnaire contains 65 words/statements that describe feelings people have. The test requires you to indicate for each word or statement how you have been feeling in the past week including today.
To undertake this test you will require:
Questionnaire (see below)
How to conduct the test
The assistant explains the test protocol to the athlete:
Read each word/statement below, decide how you have been feeling, in respect to the word/statement, in the past week and today, and select the appropriate statement "Not at All", "A Little", "Moderately", "Quite a Lot"or "Extremely"to indicate your feeling.
The athlete responds to the 65 words/statements on the questionnaire below - no time limit
The assistant determines and records the athlete’s mood state scores.
Terry (n.d.) provides POMS norms for an athletic sample (n=2086) grouped by level of competition (International standard athletes, club level athletes and recreational athletes).
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of
previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each
test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.
Morgan & Johnson (1978) found that by plotting the mood state results of elite performers prior to competition exhibited the graph below. This graph, with a raised peak for Vigour, was termed the "Iceberg" profile.
This test is suitable for anyone but not for individuals
where the test would be contraindicated.
Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.
Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the mood state of an athlete.
No equipment required
Simple to set up and conduct
Can be conducted almost anywhere
Assistant required to administer the test
McNAIR et al. (1971) Manual for the Profile of Mood States. San Diego, CA: Educational and Industrial Testing Service.
MORGAN, W.P. and JOHNSON, R.W. (1978) Personality characteristics of successful and unsuccessful oarsmen. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 9, p. 119-133
TERRY, P. (n.d.) Normative Values for the Profile of Mood States for Use with Athletic Samples, [WWW] Available from: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/4385/2/Terry_Lane_JASS_v12n1_Author's_version.pdf [Accessed 30/06/2013]
The following references provide additional information on this topic:
LIN, S., HSIAO, Y. Y., & WANG, M. (2014) The Profile of Mood States 2nd Edition (POMS 2)
The reference for this page is:
MACKENZIE, B. (2001) Profile of Mood States (POMS) [WWW] Available from: http://www.brianmac.co.uk/poms.htm [Accessed
The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: