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Grip Strength Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

Objective

To monitor the development of the athlete's grip strength.

Required Resources

To undertake this test you will require:

  • Dynamometer
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

  • The athlete using their dominant hand applies as much grip pressure as possible on the dynamometer
  • The assistant records the maximum reading (kg)
  • The athlete repeats the test 3 times
  • The assistant uses the highest recorded value to assess the athlete’s performance
Dynamometer

Assessment

For an evaluation of the athlete's performance select the gender, enter the maximum reading and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Gender Maximum reading kg
 
Assessment -

Calculations are based on the normative data table (Davis 2000)[1]

Normative data for the grip strength test

The following are national norms for 16 to 19 year olds. (Davis 2000)[1].

Gender Excellent Good Average Fair Poor
Male >56 51-56 45-50 39-44 <39
Female >36 31-36 25-30 19-24 <19

Clerke (2005)[2] conducted a study of the factors which influence grip strength in teenagers.

Analysis

Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's grip strength.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.

Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

Advantages

  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere

Disadvantages

  • Specialist equipment required
  • Assistant required to administer the test

Referenced Material

  1. DAVIS, B. et al. (2000) Physical fitness and fitness testing, In: DAVIS, B. et al. Physical Education and the study of sport. 4th ed. Spain: Harcourt p. 123
  2. CLERKE, A. (2005) Effects of hand shape on maximal isometric grip strength in teenagers. Journal of Hand Therapy, 18 (1), p. 19-29.

Page Reference

The reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2002) Grip Strength Test [WWW] Available from: http://www.brianmac.co.uk/grip.htm [Accessed

Associated Pages

The following Sports Coach pages should be read in conjunction with this page: