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# Static Flexibility Test - Ankle

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but in the analysis we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.

### Objective

The objective of this test is to monitor the development of the athlete's Ankle flexibility/mobility.

### Required Resources

To undertake this test you will require:

• Flat non-slip surface
• Wall
• Ruler
• Assistant

### How to conduct the test

 The athlete warms up for 10 minutes The athlete removes their shoes The athlete stands facing the wall, feet together close to the base of the wall, arms outstretched above the head on the wall and chest against the wall The athlete slowly moves both feet away from the wall as far as possible The assistant checks to ensure that the athlete’s feet are together, heels on the ground, chest against the wall and arms outstretched above the head on the wall – the athlete is to adjust their position so these conditions are met The assistant measures and records the distance along the ground from the wall to the big toes The test is repeated three times and the longest distance used to assess the athlete’s performance

### Assessment

The following normative data is available for this test. The table is for athletes aged under 36 (Johnson 1986)[1]

 Assessment Male Female Inches Centimetres Inches Centimetres Excellent >34.90 >88.89 >31.99 >81.27 Good 34.90 - 32.50 88.89 - 82.55 31.99 - 30.50 81.27 - 77.47 Average 32.49 - 29.50 82.54 - 74.93 30.49 - 26.50 77.46 - 67.31 Fair 29.49 - 26.50 74.92 - 67.31 26.49 - 24.25 67.30 - 61.60 Poor <26.50 <67.31 <24.25 <61.60

For an assessment of the athlete's performance select the gender, enter the distance, select the measurement units (Inches or Centimetres) and then select the 'Calculate' button.

 Gender Female Male Distance Inches Centimetres Assessment

### Analysis

Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's flexibility. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

### Target Group

These tests are suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.

### Reliability

Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test.

### Validity

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.

• Minimal equipment required
• Simple to set up and conduct
• Can be conducted almost anywhere

• Assistant required to administer the test

### References

1. JOHNSON, B.L. and NELSON, J.K. (1986) Practical Measurements for Evaluation in PE. 4th ed. Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing

### Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

• DE VRIES, H. A. (1962) Evaluation of static stretching procedures for improvement of flexibility. Research Quarterly. American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 33 (2), p. 222-229
• BANDY, W. D., and IRION, J. M. (1994) The effect of time on static stretch on the flexibility of the hamstring muscles. Physical therapy, 74 (9), p. 845-850